This posttraumatic dissociative disorder was previously known as Multiple Personality Disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Test Revision (DSM-IV-TR). The DSM-V has renamed it Dissociative Identity Disorder abbreviated as DID. “The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision portrays dissociative identity disorder (DID) by means of two dissociative phenomena: a) amnesia (criterion C), and b) the presences of alter personalities (criteria A and B)” (Dell, 2002, p.10). Dissociation of personality is the defining feature of the disorder. Dissociative Identity disorder is characterized by the “adoption of several new identities (as many as 100; average is 15)” (Terwilliger, 2014). Each identity displays voices, postures, and behaviors unique to itself. There are three important terms used when talking about the identities. These are the alters, host, and switch. “Alters – the different identities or personalities. Host – the identity that keeps the other identities together. Switch – quick transformation from one personality to another,” (Terwilliger, 2014). These identities were created as a natural defense mechanism that the body used to protect itself from a traumatic experience by repressing the memories of it.
History of Dissociative Identity Disorder
Dissociative Identity Disorder was first diagnosed as demonic possession. This diagnosis dates back to biblical times. “This article proposes a phenomenological model of therapeutic exorcism of demons for dissociative identity disorder by using the patient 's view of perceived demons and empowering them to use their own spirituality to expel them,” (Bull, 2001,...
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...mergency visits with DID patients include flashbacks, self-mutilation, suicide attempts and non-epileptic seizures. Some patients suffer from anxiety or panic disorders and other dissociative disorders.
Dissociative identity disorder is one of many dissociative disorders recognized by the DSM. It is differentiated by amnesia and the presence of alter personalities. There have been many different diagnoses for this disorder over the years. The first case dates back to biblical times. Over the years, the name of the disorder changed along with different beliefs on the causes and treatments. One of the most well-known cases is Sybil or Shirley Ardell Mason. This paper explored her case along with others to explain the disorder, the history, causes, symptoms, prognosis, diagnosis, misdiagnosis, treatment, and comorbidity of dissociative identity disorder.
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- A Dissociative Mind People go through hardships every single day in their life. When no one is around to protect them they have no other choice besides to stand up for themselves. Every person is different in the way they cope with things. Some people cope with life in different ways such as eating, exercising, while some may make their mind wander to different places. When people make their minds believe that they are in a different place or situation it is called dissociation. According to BehaveNet, dissociative identity disorder is an “alteration of two or more distinct personality states” (1995 p.... [tags: Dissociative identity disorder]
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- Dissociative identity disorder Dissociative identity disorder has quite a list of symptoms, most notably people with dissociative identity disorder transition into alternate personality states. Men and women experience the disorder almost equally. Unlike disorders such as bipolar or depression, dissociative identity disorder occurs due to trauma, not a chemical imbalance. Dissociative personality disorder has been a debated condition for a long time, its existence is still being debated by professionals.... [tags: Dissociative identity disorder, Mental disorder]
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- Dissociative Identity Disorder which defined as a dramatic dissociative disorder in which a patient manifests two or more distinct identities or personality states that alternate in some way in taking control of behavior. In the case of Sybil dissociative identity disorder (or previously known multiple personality disorder) became apparent in her behavior by the time she pursued her studies as a teacher. She displayed 16 "personalities" which recurrently take control of her behavior at times when she encounters stressful stimuli, or stimuli that call for a specific way of response from a personality state.... [tags: Dissociative identity disorder]
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- There are a whole range of dissociative disorders, but Dissociative Identity Disorder, also known as Multiple Personality Disorder, is considered one of the more severe forms: “Multiple personality disorder (MPD) is a chronic, posttraumatic dissociative disorder characterized by recurrent disturbances of identity and memory” (MacGregor, 1996, p. 389). This means that a person can form different “personalities” in their mind and ultimately dissociate into these personalities when they are in a stressful situation.... [tags: Dissociative identity disorder]
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- Dissociative Identity Disorder: A Review Dissociative Identity Disorder, or DID is a condition in which the patient can feel as if there are multiple inhabitants within their mind, leading to personality changes, amnesia, and potentially harmful behavior. It was not until 1994 that the official definition was changed from Multiple Personality Disorder to Dissociative Identity Disorder to more accurately reflect the symptoms of DID. Researchers are divided on whether or not DID is a coping mechanism for childhood trauma, or a set of side-effects that should be attributed to other psychological issues, and if the forms of treatment for the disorder are more harmful than helpful.... [tags: Dissociative identity disorder]
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