Dissociative Identity Disorder And The Disorder Essay

Dissociative Identity Disorder And The Disorder Essay

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Demographics and CorrelatesAccording to the DSM-5, Dissociative Identity Disorder can reach full clinical severity at any age in the life of a person, though there are some key triggers than may mark the onset of the disorder. The manual mentions the removal of the traumatic environment, experiencing one’s children reaching the age when initial abuse occurred for the individual, new traumatic events, and the death or illness of a significant other as potentially evocative situations (American Psychiatric Association, 2013:294). For this reason, many case examples focus on individuals in later phases of life who are only diagnosed after a long period of living with the disorder. Lower income populations are at a higher risk for development of the disorder, especially low income females (Weiner, Freedheim, Schinka, & Velicer, 2003:236). In the general population women are about three times more likely to be diagnosed with DID than men. A contributing factor to lower detection within males may be the tendency for men tend to ignore or deny amnesic symptoms (APA, 2013; Comer, 2015: 201).
Within the United States general population annual estimates of prevalence of the disorder range from 1 to 1.5%. However, within populations of psychiatric inpatients with preexisting conditions the rate of individuals with symptoms matching clinical DID criteria rises to 4-5.4%. This is no surprise considering the large number of comorbid mental disorders that accompany DID (Dorahy, Brand, Kruger, Stavropoulos, Martinez-Taboas, & Middleton, 2014).
Comorbid disorders include many of the disorders previously listed as differential diagnoses but also contain anxiety disorders, disordered eating and sleeping, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and substance...


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...an internal loss of control which results in gaps in memory and difficulty of overall function. Cases of DID have been noted for over two centuries, though they were first interpreted as spiritual disruptions or demonic possession. DID is a low-prevalence disorder that affects mostly women and results from early childhood trauma and abuse. Due to the nature of the repressed or dissociated symptoms psychodynamic theories and therapy have been the most effective in explaining and treating the disorder. Modernly, trends in research concerning Dissociative Identity Disorder have shifted from psychodynamic theories to efforts on locating brain circuits and abnormalities responsible for the expression of the disorder and disordered coping mechanisms. This push towards the future brings a new perspective to the study that will further validate or dismiss DID as a diagnosis.

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