All the authors attempt to define masculinity and femininity in their own context to build up their argument on gender inequality. Instead of using literal definitions, they give examples to help define it. Lorber uses examples from sports and technology and what she calls the “bathroom problem” to help her audience reconsider their assumptions about gender. Dworkin and Messner’s essay builds on the work of many scholars who have examined the ways our notions of masculinity and femininity are tested, exhibited, and reinforced through participating in and watching sports. Grohmann describes how brands increase a person’s masculinity or femininity. Furthermore, Greenwell presents the growth of interest in mixed martial arts by women. The overall view of gender presented by each author tends to be similar with subtle twists. Lorber, Dworkin, and Greenwell all include spo...
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...the larger significance of sport culture to our shifting understanding of what it means to look and act masculine or feminine. Bianca Grohmann, points out that masculinity and femininity are associated with brands, and people tend to define their gender based on what they buy. Some people may argue that it is “natural” for men to be superior to women. Stereotyping will exist, as women are “normal” when their personality is the traditional “feminine” identity that society has invented. Other people may argue that when we put restrictions on gender, we are limiting ourselves and overall hurting our development as a society. The United States has taken a step in the right direction to provide gender equality. It would be interesting to see how the world is keeping up to provide equality to women and what direction they are headed to stop degradation of women completely.
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