Essay about Discovery, Structure, and Uses for Titanium

Essay about Discovery, Structure, and Uses for Titanium

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Titanium (Ti) is an element found in group 4 and period 4 on the periodic table. The atomic number of Titanium is 22. Titanium is the ninth most abundant element on the earth’s surface, and the fourth most common metallic element. Titanium is not found alone in nature; rather it has to be extracted from titanium dioxide or titanium iron oxide. Titanium dioxide (Ti02) is commonly found in rutile and titanium iron oxide (FeTiO3) is commonly found in ilmenite. Rutile and ilmenite are found predominately on continental coastlines.
The actual discovery and isolation of Titanium was a long process. Intially, an amateur geologist named Reverend William Gregor discovered the metal element on the beaches of Cornwall, England in 1790. He named the metal, manaccanite. Gregor found macaccanite in black sand. The black sand is known today as ilmenite. In 1795, titanium got its name when Martin Heinrich Klaproth, a German chemist, found a dioxide of the same metal in rutile. Klaproth named titanium after the Titans who were the Greek gods of enormous strength. In 1797, Klaproth realized that manaccanite and titanium were the same element. Gregor got credit for the initial discovery of the element, but Klaproth’s name “Titanium” was adopted by scientists. It took over a hundred years for M.A. Hunter, an American chemist, to develop a process that became known as the Hunter Process to extract titanium from ore in 1910. Later, Dr. William Kroll developed the Kroll Process in 1930. The Kroll Process was able to extract larger amounts by utilizing vacuum distillation.
Titanium is a shiny, dark grey metal that is in a solid state at room temperature. Titanium has 26 known isotopes that have atomic masses 38 through 63. The isotopes with atomic m...

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...nd that is used in common products because of its hardness. K2TiF6 is used to produce resin bonded grinding wheels. K2TiF6 is also used in the formation of dental impressions.
Titanium carbide (TiC) is a titanium compound that is used for it hardness. TiC is used to produce cutting tools. The strength of titanium avails it to be used to cut and to engrave other metals which are not as hard as titanium.
Titanium nitride (TiN) is a titanium compound that is used for its color. TiN is used in jewerly and as a finish on glass because it is a striking yellow color. The finish on TiN resists wear and is even used on work tools to protect them.
Titanium Hydride (TiH2) is a titanium compound used for its strength. TiH2 can be used as a foaming agent for aluminum foam. It can also be used as a component in thermal spray, coating materials, and in different ceramics.

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