Essay on The Discovery of The New World

Essay on The Discovery of The New World

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I. Christopher Columbus:
Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa in 1451. He was inspired by merchants and mariners. As a teenager, he joined the crew of a merchant ship. In his twenties, he settled in Lisbon with his brother, making maps for a living. Later on, he married a woman whose father had connections with the captains on Henry the Navigator’s ship. The couple settled in Madeira as Columbus visited multiple trading posts on the west coast of Africa.
During his sailing trips, Columbus read some books that stimulated his curiosity, such as Natural History, written by Pliny. He also had copies of Marco Polo and D’Ailly.
One Major Influence in Columbus’ time was Paolo Dal Pozzo Toscanelli, who believed that the travel westward was only 1/3 of the Globe. He had a map made in Lisbon. When Columbus heard about that map, he asked for a copy, and began to plan a trip so he could prove the theoretical geography.

A) Columbus Discovers America:
Ever since Columbus started thinking about a voyage westward, he proposed it before the Portuguese court, that eventually refused the proposition explaining that such a voyage would be too long, not to mention too costly. Next, he tried the Spanish court. For several years the idea was rejected for the same reasons until finally, in 1492, Spain’s Isabella and Ferdinand approved this trip.

First Expedition:
On August 3 that year, he took off from the Spanish port of Paolos with three ships-the Niña, the Pinta and the Santa Maria-, with almost 90 crew members. This trip, never attempted before, needed God on the side of the sailors aboard: Columbus himself, Amerigo Vespucci, and Verrazzano… After six days, he landed on the Canary Islands, where he rested his ships. Columbus sailed southwest, and...


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... and after sixty-four days of seamanship, the ships advanced onto to what’s today Cape San Rocco, on August 16, 1501, on the Brazilian coast. Vespucci described it as it was heaven on Earth. From August 1501, until June 1502, Amerigo had travelled the Southern Hemisphere and over 3300 miles. He then thought that all these lands he came across might just be a continent (terra ferma) not just a stream of islands. He got back to Lisbon, and landed in July 1502 with a triumphant expedition.


Works Cited

Vespucci was “introduced to lively Florentine cultural societies of the renaissance” (Masini, 1998, p. 5)
Vespucci was “introduced to lively Florentine cultural societies of the renaissance” (Masini, 1998, p. 5)
that the distance between Europe and the eastern shore of Asia was short, indeed, that Spain was closer to China westward than eastward” (Morgan, October 2009)

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Essay on The Discovery of The New World

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