Essay on The Discovery Of Aurora, The Northern Light

Essay on The Discovery Of Aurora, The Northern Light

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Aurora, the northern light, is a collision between electrically charged particles from the sun that enter the earth 's atmosphere which is predominantly seen in the high attitude area like Antarctic or Alaska region.1 Aurora usually appears in many colours while pale green and pink are the most common colours. Shades of red, yellow, green, blue, and violet have been reported. The lights also appear in many forms from patches or scattered clouds of light to streamers, arcs, rippling curtains or shooting rays that light up the sky with an eerie glow.1

Aurora is also called ‘Polar Light’ since polar means the area near the Arctic or Antarctic Circles and Aurora usually appears in those areas. In addition, the polar light is also called Arsarnerit in Greenland, which can be translated as ‘playing balls’ or ‘children born too early’ and the origin behind this word is quite interesting. People in Greenland used to think that if they whistle while staring at aurora, the aurora comes close to them and if they bark hardly like dogs, the aurora disappears. It is also explained that the aurora appears on the sky when the dead souls are playing ball with walrus skulls.2 There are several interesting old myths because of aurora’s unique and mysterious look and people back then didn’t have any knowledge behind aurora. In ancient times, lots of people were very afraid of the polar light so it was common that they never let children outside during dark night and giant light flames of the polar light spread across the sky. If they didn’t, they thought the light would swoop down and grab the children’s heads for ball playing. 2

2. What cause aurora?
The aurora is a phenomenon of Earth’s high atmosphere that typically occurs at altitudes in exc...


... middle of paper ...


...gher chance of clear weather, especially during wintertime, and this allows people to have better possibility for seeing the northern light.
Kangerlussuaq, Greenland is also one of the great places for the northern light. This place has more than 300 clear nights over 365 days (a year) and usually, from September to the mid April is the best season for watching the aurora. It is known for very clear and bright northern lights that are clearly showing and visible even in the middle of capital city with a lot of streetlights.9
Lastly, Aurora Sky Station in Abisko national park in Sweden is a good spot for viewing gorgeous aurora as well. The aurora in Sweden usually appears in pale light green and pink colour because of Sweden’s closeness to the magnetic north. Since Abisko national park is surrounded by high mountains, it gives many opportunities of clear skies.10

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