For Rousseau, the state of nature was a world in which we more or less behaved like animals. He believes one way to assess the way humans behaved in this state of nature; before the formation of society, language, and technology, is to observe the behaviors of animals. Rousseau compares the animal way of life to our current and modern way of life and deducts certain relationships and concepts in regards to our development as humans.
In his essay, Rousseau contrast contemporary society with the state of nature using various points and subjects. Specifically important, are the points Rousseau makes regarding human desires, luxury, and technology. These three concepts are incorporated in an interesting argument made by Rousseau involving the development and evolution of humans.
From studying nature and the behavior of animals, Rousseau points out in his essay the ease in which animal desires are satisfied. Animals need or want very few things as opposed to human beings. Animals, after finding food, water, and a place to sleep will often relax or find leisure time. Animals will never try to satisfy an excess of desires, because animals do not have any, nor do ...
... middle of paper ...
...ic point and view on instinct. Kant states, “Instinct – that voice of God- must alone have guided the beginner” (Kant pg. 50)
Kant in reply to these claims, believe that if history were to end at this very moment then Rousseau would be correct in believing that the state of nature in better than the current situation humans are living in. Kant instead of focusing on what humans are in the current state of nature, focuses on the future of the human race and where it is headed. He also points out that you cannot look at the progress of humanity by the individual. To fully appreciate where we are going as a species, you have to think of humans a a whole. Kant explains this view by saying, “For the individual, who use of his freedom has regard only for himself, such a change was a loss; for nature, whose end for man concerns the species, it was a victory” (Kant pg. 54)
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
Explaining the Origins and Evils of Society in Second Treatise of Government by Locke and Discourse on the Origin of Inequality by Rousseau
- Second Treatise of Government by John Locke and Discourse on the Origin of Inequality by Jean-Jacques Rousseau are books written to try and explain the origin of society. Both try to explain the evils and inequalities of society, and to a certain degree to discuss whether man in his natural state is better than man in society. These political science based theories do not appear, at first, to have anything in common with J. Hector St. John De Crèvecoeur’s Letters from an American Farmer, which are letters written by Crèvecoeur during the settling of America and the beginning of the American Revolution, however with examination we can see reflection of both Locke’s and Rousseau’s ideas about... [tags: inequality, power, slavery]
1039 words (3 pages)
- Imagine a time were humans lived in a primitive state were they were free and independent. A time before humans became civilized and everything was peaceful. Would we be able to revert back to a time were we wouldn’t be highly dependent on electricity, industrialization, infrastructure, the food industry, and most importantly the dependency on other people. Would we be able to survive and thrive. In this paper, I will be writing about Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s work Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality Among Men, where he extensively wrote about the State of Nature.... [tags: Human, State of nature, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]
1216 words (3.5 pages)
- Inequality in the United States varies widely. The difference in the treatment of people has been a problem since there has been a gathering of people into societies. In 1754, philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau wrote about the inequality of men in his work entitled “Discourse on the origin and basis of inequality among men.” In this work, Rousseau talks about two types of inequality, the physical or natural type and the ethical or moral type of inequality. He was unconcerned with the first type which he stated was the difference in things such as one man’s physical prowess over another.... [tags: United States, Working class, Economic inequality]
1500 words (4.3 pages)
- The Natural Ways Man became a Natural Human Being In his book A Discourse on Inequality, Jean- Jacques Rousseau turns to the state of nature in search of the real “essence” of man. What made humans to be humans. Rousseau is trying to determine the prodigious events, such as the acquisition of knowledge and errors, the mutations that took place in the constitution of the body, and the constant impact of the passions that eventually led to the separation of man between the state of nature and society (67).... [tags: Human, State of nature, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]
1559 words (4.5 pages)
- Rousseau argues in his Discourse on the Origins of Inequality that inequalities are created by social construction. Naturally, inequalities do not exist, but because man creates boundaries and distinguishes one another, political and moral inequalities are created. Since the 18th century, during Rousseau’s time, the history of inequalities have changed, and ideas of imperialism, racism, and sexism have shifted between then and the 20th century. Private property was a leading cause of inequalities according to Rousseau.... [tags: World War II, Nazi Germany, Slavery, World War I]
891 words (2.5 pages)
- A Discourse on Inequality In Rousseau’s book “A Discourse On Inequality”, he looks into the question of where the general inequality amongst men came from. Inequality exists economically, structurally, amongst different generations, genders, races, and in almost all other areas of society. However, Rousseau considers that there are really two categories of inequality. The first is called Natural/Physical, it occurs as an affect of nature. It includes inequalities of age,, health, bodily strength, and the qualities of the mind and soul.... [tags: Jean Jacques Rousseau Inequality Essays]
1445 words (4.1 pages)
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau describes the origins of humanity in his book, Discourse on Inequality. Although Rousseau takes a hypothetical approach rather than a factual, historical approach to surmising the history of humankind, he effectively analyzes the foundations of human inequality and whether it is sanctioned by natural law. Throughout the book, Rousseau strives to outline the history of human development, beginning from the state of nature to the establishment of civil society in order to determine the origins and consequences of inequality and to question the legitimacy of political institutions.... [tags: Political philosophy, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]
1006 words (2.9 pages)
- Discourse analysis can simply be referred to as linguistic analysis. The term "Discourse" points a finger to a focus of study in the field of social sciences and humanities. In this regard, it should be noted here that the origin of the word is related to the Latin word “Discursus”, which means dialog or conversation. In linguistics, however, discourse refers to an element of language that is longer than a single sentence (Burchill). Discourse analysis is the study of how words are used in any context of communication, whether it be written, verbal, or signs.... [tags: Linguistics, Sociology, Discourse analysis]
1682 words (4.8 pages)
- To be a part of a discourse community, one must be credible, possess factual knowledge and draw on the values of its members to be accepted into the community. At the same time, a person must learn typical ways people in that community communicate and argue. They share a certain genre—type of writing. Members of discourse communities provide information and feedback that are imperative in order for that discourse community to grow. In the following paper, I will discuss three discourse communities and a genre that they typically use: people who read Nutritional Facts religiously, college students, and industrial organizational psychologists.... [tags: discourse community]
1270 words (3.6 pages)
- 2. Review of the Literature 2.1 Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) Since the 1970s, Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) has evolved as a sub-area of Discourse Analysis (DA). It suggests that language represents the world from different perceptions and ideologies, involving power, and social relations. It is a multidisciplinary and multimethodical approach that has roots in text linguistics, Applied Linguistics, Pragmatics, Sociolinguistics, Socio-Psychology, Cognitive Science, philosophy, and anthropology.... [tags: Linguistics, Discourse analysis, Sociology]
822 words (2.3 pages)
- Government Versus The Weight Carried By Global Human Rights
- Generations : Attitudes Across The Ages
- Facebook : An Illusion Of Privacy
- The Media And Its Impact On Society
- The Connection Between The Oxford Cleric And His Tale
- The Effects Of Birth Order, Perception Of Parenting Style And Family Size On Educational Performance