When surface transportation system is effective, possibilities of responding to natural disasters such as terrorist attacks or other catastrophic events becomes high. Disaster Response and Evacuation (DRE) implements the intelligent transportation systems (ITS) to improve the effectiveness of transportation systems so that response and recovery to disasters is enhanced. This involves eases of access to the scene of disaster by professionally trained personnel, provision of better information regarding the transportation system in the area of disaster, provides a more effective, safer means of evacuation for the general public if necessary (Miller, 2002). Furthermore, there are well-trained professionals in the transportation systems who participate in disaster response. The application of the intelligent transportation system (ITS) to prioritize, assign and track these professionals also contributes towards an effective response to disasters. There are certain guidelines that need to be followed by agencies involved in control of emergency cases such as disasters before they can carry out the services successfully.
Disasters of various kinds are discussed in this service such as hurricanes, earthquakes, storms in winter and tsunamis. In addition, disasters that come about as a result of manmade activities such as hazardous materials, nuclear power plant accidents, terrorism on national security, and use of chemical, biological and radiological equipment to attack terrorists are also discussed. These scenarios are explained based on the argument that similar intelligent transportation systems (ITS) can be applied in any case of disaster despite the fact that each disa...
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...ake place in various locations where disasters could occur. If agencies involved in control of emergency situations apply the suggestions of this paper, it is possible that most disasters will be controlled with high success because people and property will be protected while infrastructure will not be destroyed.
Davis, L., LaTourette, T., Mosher, D., Davis, L., & Howell, D. (2003). Individual Preparedness and Response to Chemical, Radiological, Nuclear, and Biological Terrorist Attacks. Santa Monica: RAND Corp.
Friend, M. A., & Kohn, J. P. (2010). Fundamentals of occupational safety and health. Lanham, Md: Government Institutes.
Hunsicker, A. (2006). Understanding international counter terrorism: A professional's guide to the operational art. S.l.: Universal Publishers.
Miller, D. (2002). Terrorism: Are we ready?. Huntington, N.Y: Nova Science.
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