The area of Port Chicago is very unique and plays a big part of the history. Port Chicago Naval Ammunition Depot was located at Mare Island, California and was once a munitions facility in the San Francisco Bay area. The importance of this specific site is that it was the gateway to the Pacific Ocean during World War II. Therefore, a large amount of transportation including exporting and importing was done here.
A very historic event and detailed story took place in Port Chicago, California. An election was held in wartime emergency on January 4, 1943 to whom the people chose Earl Warren for governor of California. Then on July 17, 1944, a huge explosion of two ammunition ships occurred at the Naval Ammunition Depot on the Sacramento River. A great amount of damage was done to this now destroyed base, which was originally a segregated unit. Two cargo ships were tied up at the wrecked pier and the number of sailors and ammunition handlers killed instantly varied from 200 to 320, with 202 being black sailors, depending on the resource. However, this blast was quick to be called a mutiny and legal matters were brought up almost immediately.
The ammunition b...
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...ent which was well deserved. Numerous photos are even in existence of the damage, the Navy, and everything involving Port Chicago for those searching for further reference. Port Chicago, California, the site of the biggest home front disaster of World War II, will always be important in history as well as a site for remembrance.
“Friends of Port Chicago” 24 June 2009.
Allen, Robert L. "Injustice upheld in Port Chicago mutiny trial."
Black Scholar 24.1 (1994): 56.
"Home Front Munitions Disaster Site Proposed as National Park."
World War II 22.7 (2007): 13.
Lanning, Michael L. The African American Soldier: From Crispus Attacks to Colin
Powell. Secaucus NJ; First Carol Publishing Group 1999
Rolie, Andrew F. California History.
United States; Thomas Y. Crowell Company, Inc. 1969
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