Women have been in the military, or associated with combat for decades. “The most famous example of the ability of a woman to not only be involved in combat but to lead forces is that of Joan of Arc's legendary battles leading the French army when she was just a teenager.”(Gerber 1) Women have been involved in espionage and even posed as male soldiers during the Civil War. Conflicts such as, WWI, WWII, Panama, and as recent as our current wars in Iraq and Afghanistan women have served with distinction in many ways. In our most recent conflict, over 100 military women have given the ultimate sacrifice. Today with changes in our society and the global environment in which we live two controversial arguments arise concerning women in combat. Basically the debate whether or not women should be allowed to participate in direct combat or not. As our society and cultural beliefs change so does what we except as social norms. Both sides of this argument bring many reasons for and against allowing women to participate in direct combat. Taking into account both views of this controversy it will show, that not only a social change has occurred, but the dynamics of the battlefield has in fact already placed female service members into direct combat.
Section II: Opposition to Direct Combat Roles for Women
Those that are strongly against it base their criticism on a number of reasons that are based on social norms that have existed for centuries. Our social and cultural norms have in the past and will far into the future dictate how we address these issues. Societies have from the beginning of time set certain norms of what men and women should be. These expectations are referred to as gender norms and a...
... middle of paper ...
... arms job, but those that are interested should be given the chance to do so. They should be given the opportunity because they are already there.
Casey, L. "Women in Combat", Academic Essays and Debates on Women in the Military: Military Woman Magazine. December 19, 1997.http://www.militarywoman.org/academic.htm
Elshtain, Jean Bethke. "Feminism and War." Progressive Sept. 1991: 14-16.
"Fire When Ready, Ma’am." Editorial. Time 13 Jan. 1990: 29.
Gerber, Bradely. “Women in the Military and Combat.” © April 24, 1998.
Hoffman, Julie. "Men and Children First." American Spectator Sept. 1992: 43-44.
Norden, Edward. "Right Behind You Scarlett." American Spectator Aug. 1991: 14-16.
United States. General Accounting Office. Physically Demanding Jobs: Services Have Little Data on Ability of Personnel to Perform." By Mark E. Gebicke. (GAO/NSIAD-96-169) 1996.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- War has been a part of humanity almost as long as humanity itself. However, women at war have not been. History has many stories about exceptional women serving honorably on the battlefield. In many cases Women on the battlefield are liabilities. During World War II both the Soviets and Germans tried placing women on the front lines when they were desperate for fighting soldiers. Male troops forgot their combat responsibilities in order to protect the women fighting beside them. This made their units less effective and exposed them all to greater risk.... [tags: Women Army War Females]
1771 words (5.1 pages)
- In the United States military combat units at battalion level and below have always been closed to women. However, change has been building up over the past decade on opening those closed positions and the Pentagon has decided to officially allow women on the front lines. Defense Secretary Leon E. Panetta lifted the Defense Department's ban on women in direct ground combat roles January 24, 2013 and on January 1, 2016 women will be able to apply to all military occupational specialties (Roulo).... [tags: military roles, strength, emotional abilities]
1475 words (4.2 pages)
- Should women serve in combat positions. The Combat Exclusion Law has dealt with this question since the 1940’s. As time continues, the question remains. The military has increased the percentage of females allowed to be enlisted and commissioned in the services as well as increasing the positions allotted to them (Matthews, Ender, Laurence, & Rohall, 2009). Keenan posits “women have served with distinction in … the Revolutionary War…as volunteer nurses and were only occasionally in the direct line of fire…four nurses evacuating 42 patients while the Germans bombed their field hospital…” (the DoD Combat Exclusion Policy) pg.... [tags: Women in Military Essays]
1366 words (3.9 pages)
- The question originally posed in the Combat Exclusion Law, regarding placement of females in combat, continues to be debated as women are placed in combat roles without adequate training (Sanchez, 2011). What distinguishes some positions as being acceptable while others are not. Who has the authority to approve exceptions, and what exceptions have been made. On May 13, 2011, a bill placed before the House of Representatives addressed the issue to “repeal the ground combat exclusion policy for female members” (Sanchez, 2011, p.... [tags: Women in Military Essays]
1265 words (3.6 pages)
- It is worthwhile to reflect on the social and political advancements of women during the past one hundred years. Women now have the right to vote and to own property. They let their voices be heard instead of sitting silently in the kitchen. Women hold jobs previously restricted to men - police officer, firefighter, construction worker, doctor, truck driver and scientist. Obviously, this list is not all inclusive. Unfortunately, there is still one area that remains restricted to women.... [tags: Women in the Military]
1819 words (5.2 pages)
- Although it has a predominantly male identity, the military has many female characteristics. Being a member of the military requires “collective action, organization, submissiveness, obedience, fidelity, and cooperation” which are all considered to be feminine qualities (Matthews 2009). Women have indirectly been involved in combat for many years as nurses and other medical personnel which are all exposed to combat during war. The Army’s policy definition of direct combat includes “engaging an enemy,” “being exposed to direct enemy fire,” and “closing with the enemy” (Harrell).... [tags: discrimination in the military]
942 words (2.7 pages)
Women in Combat: The World War II Experience in the United States, Great Britain, Germany, and the Soviet Union
- Thousands of men enlisted and were sent to fight during World War II. However, many people are unaware of the role that women played in the war, not only in taking over the jobs that would have previously belonged to men at home, but also in combat. D’Ann Campbell’s article “Women in Combat: The World War II Experience in the United States, Great Britain, Germany, and the Soviet Union” explores this topic. Campbell argues that the role of women in combat has been overlooked in the study of the Second World War.... [tags: world war, gender roles, women soldiers]
744 words (2.1 pages)
- ... Another fear some have is a man’s instinct to protect women stopping a unit from completing their mission. A mission can be jeopardized if too many soldiers get injured or killed in action while trying to protect or save a woman in distress. Sexual assault and harassment are major issues being addressed in the debate due to the increase in sexual assault and harassment cases involving enlisted men and women. Some are speculating that by allowing more women in more combat units, sexual assault and harassment cases will increase.... [tags: females in the military]
651 words (1.9 pages)
- Women in Combat Women have played a tremendous role in many countries' armed forces from the past to the present. Women have thoroughly integrated into the armed forces; all positions in the armed forces should be fully accessible to women who can compete with men intellectually and physically. Yet, many argue that the distinction between combat and non-combat becomes blurred in the context of women warfare (Ladin; Holm, Hoar). In actuality, many women are assigned to jobs that will expose them to enemy attack, and this has been openly acknowledged by the top Pentagon officials.... [tags: Military Females Army War Essays Papers]
1250 words (3.6 pages)
- Since 1901, women have served in some form of the military, however, dating back to the American Revolution women have had an unofficial role. Women have had and will continue to have an important role in the military, the question is whether women should be allowed to occupy specific combat positions. Traditionally women have not been allowed in combat occupations, but recently these restrictions have been somewhat lifted, making certain occupations available to women. Despite the lift complications arise from women being in combat vocations and it’s not just because of the physical differences, there is also the increased risk of sexual assault.... [tags: american revolution, sexual assault, risk]
2019 words (5.8 pages)