The Allegory of the Cave is a Socratic dialogue between Socrates and his student Glaucon explaining how the statesmen of an ideal society should be chosen. The allegory begins with a group of people kept prisoner in a cave (or den) who are only able to look forward and face a wall. The only things they are able to see are shadows illuminated by a fire behind them. They are incapable of seeing each other or those behind them, so they believe that the shadows are everything. At some point one of these prisoners is thrown out of th...
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...Plato and Machiavelli have written down concepts that can be applied strongly to the debate over whether we have a moral responsibility for each other, but Plato’s are the most hopeful and the one’s we should strive to follow. As Machiavelli wrote “one can generally say this about men: that they are ungrateful, fickle, simulators and deceivers” (Machiavelli 228). Some people may be at fault for having some of these qualities but I would not say this is entirely so for everyone. It is possible some people may tend to be crueler at heart, if this is true it would also seem to be logical that some people would be good at heart.
Machiavelli, Niccolò. The Qualities of the Prince. A World of Ideas. Ed. Lee Jacobus. 9th e. Boston: Bedford, 2013. Print.
Plato. The Allegory of the Cave. A World of Ideas. Ed. Lee Jacobus. 9th e. Boston: Bedford, 2013. Print.
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