Essay Dilated Cardiomyopathy : Symptoms And Treatment

Essay Dilated Cardiomyopathy : Symptoms And Treatment

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Dilated Cardiomyopathy

What is dilated cardiomyopathy? Dilated cardiomyopathy is a form of heart disease in which the heart’s main pumping chamber, the left ventricle, stretches and thins (dilates) and can’t pump blood as well as a healthy heart. Dilated, meaning enlarged, cardio, meaning heart, myo, meaning muscle, and pathy, meaning disease. So, this directly means that it’s a disease of the heart muscle. There are multiple types of cardiomyopathy, such as idiopathic, hypertrophic, restrictive, arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. Although there are many forms of the disease, dilated cardiomyopathy is strictly the left ventricle, and can be watered down one explanation__ heart’s ability to pump blood is decreased because the part of the heart that supplies the body with oxygen is enlarged and weakened. The left ventricle is responsible for pumping oxygenated blood through the body. In a heart with dilated cardiomyopathy, the heart becomes enlarged which causes the heart muscle to not contract normally. It cannot pump effectively and is weak.
What causes dilated cardiomyopathy? Unfortunately, doctors are unaware of specific causes. There is not any one thing that can cause DCM, but rather a multitude of factors that may heighten the chances of getting the disease. Factors may include genetics, congenital (present at birth) heart defects, drugs and alcohol use, high blood pressure, diabetes, viral infections of the heart, pregnancy and childbirth, poor diet, and so on and so forth. Unlike many other diseases, dilated cardiomyopathy can vary on how the patient with said disease will get it. Some may get it from alcoholism or substance abuse, while another may get it because of genetic factors. According to the website Me...


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...tretches and can’t pump blood properly. DCM can cause many complications in a person’s life. According to the Mayo Clinic website, heart failure, fluid build up, abnormal heart rhythm, heart valvle regurgitation, cardiac arrest, and blood clots may happen as a result of dilated cardiomyopathy. This disease can cause many complications in a person’s life and it is not an easy disease to live with. It will make seemingly easy and normal tasks very hard, such as going up a flight of stairs or walking a few blocks. It cannot be cured but has many types of medications and devices to try to treat it. Diagnosis is not easy since the symptoms are usually minor and can be confused for other diseases, but doctors are able to diagnose their patients through a series of tests. Anyone can get DCM even if they lead the perfect life, refraining from involving in harmful activities.

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Essay Dilated Cardiomyopathy : Symptoms And Treatment

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