Digitization has affected the copyright material in several ways-simplification of reproducibility, decrease in costs of reproduction, easier substitutability of the digitized copies and equally inexpensive distribution of digitized products. Digital reproducibility has improved the compression and storage of digital content, easier extraction of digital content from such storage media and easier communication of such digital content over interne. The obvious fall out has been that copyright material has come uncle threat of unauthorized copying which tends to deprive the author and copyright owner of the economic returns on their investment of labour and capital which in turn is a disincentive for such production. This in a way also affects the developmental theory of copyright because if unauthorized digital copying affects creative production it also affects the development based on such copyright industries. Copyright industries, particularly the audio-visual industries (AVI) are the worst hit by such piracy because the digital technologies have mostly been adopted by these industries over the years. AVI players sought to contain this threat by 'regulating technologies that aid infringement.
Piracy of copyrighted materials and demand for a stronger intellectual property rights is not a new phenomenon and comes to light every time technology comes up with methods of better reproductions, starting from printing machine to VCRs. At all times, the plagiarists have made efforts to free-ride on the labour of others and policy makers have come up with solutions to curb this practice by providing stringent measures to curb copyright infringement and provide incent...
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...lectronic record by applying his digital signature. It also states that any person by the use of a public key of the subscriber can verify the electronic record.
The chapter III of the IT Act, 2000 states about Electronic Governance and provides inter-alia amongst others that where any law provides that information shall be in writing or printed form, then, anyhow anything contained in such law, such need shall be considered to have been satisified if such information or matter is-
(a) Made available in an electronic form.
(b) Accessible so as to be usable for a subsequent reference.
The Chapter III also states about the legal recognition of Digital signatures. The various provisions further expands on the use of electronic records and Digital signatures in Government agencies. The act also talks of publications of rules and regulations in the electronic gazette.
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