The normal blood sugar level is 80 to 120 mg/dL. If the blood sugar drops below 80 mg/dL is is called hypoglycemia, and if it goes below 40 mg/dL it is a hypoglycemia crisis. If the blood sugar goes above 120 mg/dL it is called hyperglycemia. When the blood sugar goes above 400 mg/dL it's called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma (HHNC). If the blood sugar goes then goes above 800 mg/dL it is a hyperglycemic crisis.
Hypoglycemia is when the blood sugar drops below 80 mg/dL. This can happen when a patient does not eat a meal and their sugar will drop or when a patient will take their insulin and not eat a meal afterward. When a patient is hypoglycemic some of the signs they can present with could be hungry, pale, clammy or moist skin, diaphoretic or sweating, anxious or combative, weakness on one side of the body and mimic a stroke, seizures, fainting, and their mental status can change. When a patient is hypoglycemic they need to eat a good meal or drink juice to raise their blood sugar. If the patient has an altered mental status they should not eat or drink anything because they can not control their airway, in these cases 911 needs to be called. When a paramedic arrives they ca...
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...and lead to less complications. A patient with type 2 diabetes also need to eat healthy and exercise but for them it is more critical because if they do not do this their type 2 diabetes could become type 1 diabetes. But if a patient with type 2 diabetes eats healthy and exercise they might be able to be cured of type 2 and not have it anymore as long as they eat right and exercise and stay at a good and healthy weight.
The body uses glucose for the main source of energy and all the body's cells use glucose to function properly. Some cells can not function with out glucose, brain cells can have permanent damage when there is very low levels of glucose in the body. Insulin is needed in the body to allow the glucose to enter the cells. If the body does not have enough insulin the patient will have a high blood sugar but it can not get into the cells to be used.
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