Different Theories Of International Relations Essay

Different Theories Of International Relations Essay

Length: 1031 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Different theories of international relations seek to best explain and predict the whole spectrum of international relations. Some theories are better than others, if one wants to fully understand the spectrum of international relations. The Reductionist theory and the Structural theory both seek to predict the outcomes of international relations, however each leads to a different level and approach of explaining states behavior and ambitions in international relations. When studying and expanding the two theories to its full potential one can conclude as does Kenneth Waltz that one theory is better than the other overall in explaining I.R., this theory being the structural theory in that it explains what the Reductionist theory cannot.
Reductionist theory is also known as inside out theory in that it concentrates causes of international relations at the internal level from the national or subnational level, this includes individual and internal characteristics of states. The theory attempts to understand the overall intentions and actions of countries in terms of International Relations by first studying the internal forces, believing internal forces produce external outcomes in I.R. The study of reductionist theory only seeks to determine the behavior of actors and parts at the internal level; after it concludes this, the theory is accomplished. Former National Security Advisor, Henry Kissinger was in support of the theory believing, that the preservation of peace could be maintained thru the reductionist theory by reducing International Relations to the characteristic of the major players (50).
When examining the reductionist theory one finds many faults when attempting to understand the full spectrum of I.R. First off, many l...


... middle of paper ...


...cture of the states allowing us to examine and care for the different worldwide poles that ensures security.
With the structural theory you also don’t have to only inseinfly look at domestic situations to predict international situations, you can simply look at the systemic attributes from the structural theory to predict states intentions. Therefore you don’t have to waste all your time studying internal attributes to predict international actions, which for the most part won’t actually work to predict countries actions.
Overall structure theory better explains and predicts international relations than does Reductionist theory because there are factors that the theory explains that Reductionist theory cannot. These factors being security dilemmas, the true intentions of leaders, and the continuity of the systems itself even when leaders are removed from position.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

International Relations Theory: Changes in the Hierarchy of International Politics

- "Should international relations theory be held accountable for explaining fundamental changes in the hierarchy of international politics and the emergence of new actors?" It seems absurd to answer that international relations theory should not be in the business of explaining fundamental changes in international politics. However, this response paper will argue on both edges of the question. First, it actually does make sense to attempt to hold as many things as possible constant, or as "givens" in attempting to craft explanations for events in international politics....   [tags: International Relations]

Better Essays
1753 words (5 pages)

Gender in International Relations Essay

- Does A Gendered Approach Give Us A Significantly Different Understanding Of International Relations. By the late 1980s, academic scholars in the field of International Relations began to investigate how gender affected International Relations theory and practice. Gender is significant in International Relations because they are ‘essential to understanding the world ‘we’ live in’ (Young, 2004:75). One must emphasise on the term, ‘we’ (Young, 2004:75) as allusions of a world where men and women live in unison and that they shape the world we live in today together....   [tags: Feminism and International Relations]

Better Essays
2664 words (7.6 pages)

Neo-Realism and Liberalism: Comparing These Two Different Frameworks Used in International Relations

- In order for countries to cohesively overcome international barriers, frameworks of ideal political standards must be established. Two of these frameworks constantly discussed in international relations are the theories of Neo-realism and Liberalism; two theories with their own outlook at the way politicians should govern their country as well as how they should deal with others. Neo-realism lies on the structural level, emphasizing on anarchy and the balance of power as a dominant factor in order to maintain hierarchy in international affairs....   [tags: International Relations]

Better Essays
1232 words (3.5 pages)

Theory Of International Relations And Foreign Policy Essay

- What is theory. Theories are statements that explain facts, events, laws, etc. Theories are invented to provide an explanation for a bounded realm of reality. Its assumptions are neither true nor false, but are judged on the theories explanatory power. Theories of international relations provides an abstract context upon which international relations can be studied. They are a means of answering the big question in international relations and foreign policy: Why do states behave the way they do in the international system....   [tags: International relations, United Nations]

Better Essays
1126 words (3.2 pages)

Essay about Constructivism In International Relations

- Theories of international relations have allowed people to make sense of the world around them. The study of international relations is an attempt to explain relationships between the states, which is necessary due to the increase in globalization and actors involved. A majority of IR-theory focuses on the materialist aspects of world affairs, such as military forces and economic capabilities to define the behavior of the states. The Constructivism theory however, focuses on human awareness claiming that international relations are socially constructed rather than materialistically constructed (Beinur, 2011, p....   [tags: World War II]

Better Essays
1176 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on The New Sovereignty in the International System

- THE NEW SOVEREIGNTY IN THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM THE NEW SOVEREIGNTY IN THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM How have connections that have formed below the level of the state influenced the Westphalia notion of sovereignty. Westphalian sovereignty as defined in the classical model cannot remain anymore in the international system because of the changes that have occurred in international relations. Nowadays the anarchic states are connected to each other. Any move by one of them, is felt by all the others....   [tags: International Relations]

Better Essays
2570 words (7.3 pages)

The Theories Of International Politics Essay examples

- Several theoretical approaches have been developed as an attempt to explain the workings of International Politics. These different perspectives which use different methods and assumptions can be helpful in studying and predicting the actions and interactions of the actors they concentrate on and include, realism, liberalism and feminism. No single approach however succeeds in taking into consideration all factors and outcomes in world politics and each of them has distinct benefits as well as certain limitations....   [tags: International Politics Relations Theory]

Better Essays
1635 words (4.7 pages)

Understanding International Relations Essay

- Understanding International Relations Through Liberalism and Realism To understand the international relations of contemporary society and how and why historically states has acted in such a way in regarding international relations, the scholars developed numerous theories. Among these numerous theories, the two theories that are considered as mainstream are liberalism and realism because the most actors in stage of international relations are favouring either theories as a framework and these theories explains why the most actors are taking such actions regarding foreign politics....   [tags: liberalism, realism, contemporary society]

Better Essays
1517 words (4.3 pages)

Relevance between Feminist Theories and International Relations Essay

- Today, many international scholars consider that the topics over the relevance between feminist theories and international relations are one of the most heated topics during the course of discovering new ideas and strategy proposals when challenges emerge. In her book, Feminist Theory and International Relations in postmodern era, Christine Sylvester gives examples such as the evidence draw from case studies base on “realist versus idealist” “scientific versus traditional”, “modernist versus postmodernist”, to elaborated the problematic situations many scholars face when they suffered from a significant amount of female figures being missing from the picture....   [tags: Christine Sylvester, debates about emmancipation]

Better Essays
1464 words (4.2 pages)

International Relations Essay

- Introduction: At the end of WWII in 1945, Western Europe and arguably the entire world looked to the United States for a recovery plan. Great Britain was loosing control over its colonies, France and Germany had been destroyed by the war, and the Soviet Union was gaining power. This put the United States in a position of power, the question that arises with this is, does the United States try to gain control as the hegemonic power in the international system. Is there a real necessity in the region of the Middle East to gain the hegemonic power in terms of U.S national interest/security....   [tags: Political Science]

Better Essays
2647 words (7.6 pages)