The interpretation of human behaviour varies and so came about different perspectives or aspects of Psychology, one of them being the Psychoanalytic approach discovered by Sigmund Freud in 1917 (Santrock, 2003). This advance emphasized the unconscious thoughts, relating to biological instincts and society’s demands, as well as early family experiences (Santrock, 2003).
Nolen-Hoeksema et al., (2009) describes the unconscious as the beliefs, attitudes, impulses and feelings which we are unaware of, yet still influence our behaviour. She went on to say that they are expressed in imaginings, slips of the tongue, and observable behaviour. Freud believed many of the impulses that are forbidden or punished have originated from inborn instinct, a fixed pattern of behaviour, and must be dealt with or it gets forced out through the unconscious (Nolen-Hoeksema, Frederickson, Loftus & Wagenaar, 2009). Some argue that people are not masters of their own minds and that behaviour is significantly predisposed by how people manage their sexual urges (Weiten, 2012). The most common method in therapy was “free association” in which the patient was instructed to say whatever comes to mind, this was a way of bringing the unconscious wishes into awareness (Nolen-Hoeksema et al., 2009). Freud also treated his p...
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