What is Autism? Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is defined as being a Neurodevelopmental disorder. According to the Autism Speaks website it is described as being “a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors” (What Is Autism? What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?). Now that there is a definition of Autism one must wonder how is it diagnosed?
There are two main tests used to diagnose Autism. These tests have proven to be the most accurate and also the most reliable to ensure that there is not the issue of over diagnosis or misdiagnosis. The tests used are:
Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS)- it is a semi-structured interactive assessment administered by a trained examiner. The examiner is testing specific developmental stages in the areas of communication, social interaction, and play/imaginative play.
The second test used in the Autism Diagnostic Interview- This test is considered to be one of the most established autism specific interviews. This test includes 93 specific questions that related to the individual cur...
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...erstood enough to provide truly effective treatment or offer the correct support for each person. Autism is a blanket word that covers so many individuals, but just because a person is considered to be Autistic, it does not mean that what works for one person may not work for everyone. If there is more understanding for the disorder then the treatments can be more tailored to the individuals needs.
Autism is associated with a malformation of an individual’s brain; one may hear it being referred to as a “processing” issue or a person not having neuro-typical behaviors. All of these are true, and by analyzing the disorder and taking a deeper look into the causes, treatments, pathologies, and diagnosis methods of the disorder maybe there can be a brighter outlook for those diagnosed with this disorder, even if it is just improved therapies or diagnostic techniques.
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