Locke’s social contract, understanding of the state of nature, and the manner in which a group of people form a body politic can be characterized by explaining; (a) what is the nature of Locke’s social contract, (b) what is the consent of the contract and what does it consist of, and (c) what happens when the contract is broken. In describing Locke’s social contract, understanding of the state of nature, and the manner in which a group of people form a body politic, I argue ...
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...uropean liberalism, which is that the government exists to secure the rights and liberties of citizens to ensure the maximum freedom of every citizen. “In most respects it was Locke’s rather than Hobbes’s views that helped lay the foundation for the development of liberalism and prepared the way for the tradition of popular representative government. Compared to Hobbes’s, Locke’s influence on the world of practical politics has been considerable”. (Held, D. Year. Pg. 65) For Hobbes state of nature, men are free, independent, and self-interested, as for Locke’s state of nature men are free, equal, and independent. Locke beyond Hobbes and argues that government must respect the rights of the individuals. While Locke agrees that individuals have the right to property in the state of nature, Hobbes denies that individuals have any duty to respect the property of others.
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