The debate surrounding the existence and definition of the word “Asherah,” is one such issue brought about by the differing opinions and translations of scholars. Many scholars have offered different views on what or who “Asherah” is because the word is seen in several different contexts across different csources and languages. Two sources in which “Asherah” is mentioned most often are the Ugaritic texts, ancient tablets found in the Canaanite city of Ugarit, and the Hebrew Bible, which is also known as the Torah to Jews and the Old Testament to Christians. However, due to the fact that both of these sources where originally in Ugaritic (an ancient Northwestern Semitic language) and Ancient Hebrew, respectively, translations differ. One important thing to note is that the Ugaritic Texts, much like the Hebrew Bible, comment on both the Canaanite and the ancient Israelite culture.
“Asherah” is ...
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...ous references to Asherah in passages, such as Deuteronomy 16:21-22, clearer. It also suggests a very close tie between Yahweh and Asherah, otherwise, her symbols\idols would not be present in the altars and temples of Yahweh (Day 392). It is also important to remember that while Yahweh and El were considered different gods in some places, in Ancient Israel, Yahweh and El were the same deity (Day 393).
Ackerman, Susan, “Asherah, the West Semitic Goddess of Spinning and Weaving?”
Journal of Near Eastern Studies 67/1 (2008) 1-30.
Day, John, “Asherah in the Hebrew Bible and Northwest Semitic Literature,”
Journal of Biblical Literature 105/3 (1986) 385-408.
Hess, Richard, "Yahweh and his Asherah? Epigraphic Evidence for Religious Pluralism
in Old Testament Times," in Clarke and Winter, eds., One God, One Lord in a
World of Religious Pluralism, pp. 5-33.
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