Gender roles and gender identity are comparable measures of how an individual views the gender they belong to and how they fit into that gender. Gender roles are observable or qualitative measures or behaviors that mirror the broad gender stereotypes held by society. Gender identity is an internal reflection of how one views their own specific gender independently (Berk, 2006). Some common gender stereotypes associated with masculine traits include playing more aggressively, exceling at math and science related school subjects and leading groups. On the feminine side of stereotypes, girls are thought to play in pairs, portray a calmer demeanor and express more emotions than boys (Berk, 2006). In general children move from a rigid and strict construct of gender and begin to adopt a more fluid model as they age and develop cognitively and socially. Until preschool age, most children adhere so tightly to their gender that they refuse to break gender stereotyped rules, such as boys wearing dresses or gir...
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Levine, L. E., & Munsch, J. (2011). Theories of development. In M. Masson & L. Gleason (Eds.),Child Deveopment (4th ed., pp. 33-34). London, England: Sage.
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