The Differences Betweet Sickle Cell Trait and Sickle Cell Anemia Essay

The Differences Betweet Sickle Cell Trait and Sickle Cell Anemia Essay

Length: 656 words (1.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Good Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Have you ever wondered what the difference is between s sickle cell trait and sickle cell anemia? Each day, thousands of people wonder the same thing. Most people may think they are the same disorder, but in actuality it is not. When we are born we are given a hemoglobin A gene from both of our parents. Hemoglobin A is a normal protein found inside red blood cells. It gives blood its red color and carries oxygen to all parts of the body. A person who has sickle cell trait gets a gene for hemoglobin A from one parent and a gene for hemoglobin S from the other parent. Hemoglobin S is an abnormal hemoglobin protein that occurs in the red blood cells in sickle-cell anemia patient, however, if a person only has one gene of hemoglobin A and one gene of hemoglobin S, the hemoglobin A is enough for red blood cells to function normally (XXXX). This is not a disease, it will not change to the disease later, there is no medical treatment necessary, and the person will lead a normal life. Sickle cell anemia occurs when a person gets one gene for sickle (S) hemoglobin from one parent and a sickle (S) hemoglobin gene from the other parent. There is little or no hemoglobin A. When red blood cells carrying hemoglobin S release their oxygen to the tissue, they change from round to sickle shaped (XXXX). Hence the name sickle cell anemia.
Who is at risk for sickle cell anemia? Sickle cell anemia is most common in people whose families come from Africa, South or Central America, Caribbean islands, and Mediterranean countries (such as Turkey, Greece, and Italy), India, and Saudi Arabia (XXXX). It seems to me that people with dark complexion or whose ancestors had a dark complexion are at risk for sickle cell anemia or sickle cell trait. It i...

... middle of paper ...

...tal hemoglobin helps prevent red blood cells from sickling and improves anemia (XXXXX). There is also new treatments called blood and marrow stem cell transplant. The stem cells used for a transplant must come from a closely matched donor. The transplant process is and can lead to serious side effects or even death. This treatment may even offer a cure for only a small number of people and the risk is far too great. Gene Therapy is another new treatment. Gene therapy is being studied as a possible treatment for sickle cell anemia. Researchers want to know whether a normal gene can be put into the bone marrow stem cells of a person who has sickle cell anemia. This would cause the body to make normal red blood cells. Researchers also are studying whether they can "turn off" the sickle hemoglobin gene or "turn on" a gene that makes red blood cells behave normally.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Sickle Cell Anemia And Its Effects Essay examples

- ... The NIH or the National Institutes of Health recommend that all newborn babies undergo screening test for the disease of sickle cell anemia to ascertain the presence of the disorder, which will allow doctors to begin treatment as soon as possible. People who experience severe symptoms from sickle anemia will experience more occurrences of their blood moving in the body slowly, causing clogs in the vessels which can lead to some issues such as, a higher chance of getting infections, a higher chance of having a stroke, and a condition called Acute Chest Syndrome which is condition that causes inflammation, infection, of blood vessels in the lungs that are blocked by sickle cells....   [tags: Red blood cell, Sickle-cell disease, Malaria]

Good Essays
2353 words (6.7 pages)

Sickle Cell Anemia And Its Effect On The Body Essay

- ... A point mutation is when a single nucleotide is changed within the DNA (Sickle cell anemia and genetics, 2000). A visual representation of this is represented in figure 2. With regards to this illness, the one nucleotide, which is changed, is called glutamic acid (Sickle cell anemia and genetics, 2000). Glutamic acid is changed into valine, and this one seemingly slight difference is the basis for this entire illness (Sickle cell anemia and genetics, 2000). If an individual has sickle cell disease, then this is determined when they are born, as this is an illness, which can only be inherited and not be caught in any other way (How does sickle cell cause disease, 2002)....   [tags: Sickle-cell disease, Red blood cell, Hemoglobin]

Good Essays
1978 words (5.7 pages)

Sickle Cell Disease And Its Effects On The Body Essay

- ... A sickle cell crisis can cause pain in the chest, stomach, hands, feet, or bones and it could last a day or up to a week. This can be life threatening if not properly treated. Something as small and mild as leg pain when you have sickle cell may end up being life-threatening or the cause of your death. The sickle red blood cells that are stuck and is the cause of the mild pain in the leg may cause a blood clot. That blood clot would then travel through the body into the lungs and stop the natural blood flow....   [tags: Red blood cell, Sickle-cell disease, Hematology]

Good Essays
790 words (2.3 pages)

Trait Differences in Sexes, Temperament and Cultures Essay

- It is known that there are biological differences between males and females. This leads to the question of whether there are personality differences as well. There have been studies done to determine if there are also personality trait differences in temperament and cultures. Studies have been performed to show gender differences in temperament. Else-Quest, Hyde, Goldsmith, and Van Hulle (2006) used meta-analytical techniques to estimate the gender differences in children from 3 months to 13 years across 35 dimensions and 3 factors of temperament....   [tags: Psychology]

Good Essays
1795 words (5.1 pages)

A Person Who Carries The Sickle Cell Trait Essay

- ... The first one is HbAS. If parent A has the trait and parent B does not then there is a fifty percent chance that the child will only receive the trait in their genes. The child carries the disease, but will not contract the disease. What if both parents carry the sickle cell trait. The child could receive the actual sickle cell disease. This type is called HbSS. There is only a twenty-five percent chance that the child could not be affected at all. There is also a fifty percent chance that the child will only get the trait....   [tags: Red blood cell, Hemoglobin, Gene]

Good Essays
979 words (2.8 pages)

Managing Sickle Cell Pain With Music Therapy Essay

- ... As stated by Cowan, breathing exercises are a method of relaxation that can be incorporated into the music therapy intervention. An example of this is deep breathing, which can assist sickle cell patients in controlling and managing the stress and anxiety that come with the pain of the disease. Along with this, deep breathing can help improve circulation and lessen pain which will lead to relaxation. Focusing on the breath helps to focus the body. Because of this, the health therapist works with the patient to focus on his or her breathing with or without music by inhaling air through the nose and exhaling through the mouth Abdominal, or diaphragmatic breathing, can help relax the body....   [tags: Sickle-cell disease, Red blood cell, Respiration]

Good Essays
1377 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on Benefits Of Sickle Cell Disease

- ... She became the national spokeswoman for the Sickle Cell Disease Association of America in 1996. The football player Tiki Barber finds ways to win games on the field, and he also works hard help other people who suffer from sickle cell, as he does, win against the disease every single day. He does this by helping families affected by sickle cell disease become more aware of the disorder, and they learn how the possibility of iron overload, which can stem from regular blood transfusions during sickle cell treatment....   [tags: Sickle-cell disease, Red blood cell, Malaria]

Good Essays
1537 words (4.4 pages)

Essay about Sickle Cell Anemia ( Sca )

- ... RBCs have the ability to squeeze down small vessels and spring back to its original shape dependent from all the hemoglobin molecules being loose within this floating bag. The article titled “Pathophysiological insights in sickle cell disease,” states that on SCA the hemoglobin S inside the RBC under low oxygen conditions instead of staying in its globular form, floating around the RBC, get stuck together, and sticks to itself forming a long, rigid, sticky, rod shape, called a hemoglobin polymer....   [tags: Red blood cell, Sickle-cell disease, Hemoglobin]

Good Essays
1629 words (4.7 pages)

Hemophilia And Sickle Cell Anemia Essays

- HEMOPHILIA AND SICKLE CELL ANEMIA Research Paper 2   Abstract Genetically passing down of blood diseases has been happening for decades. There are many diseases of the blood that have been passed down from older generations. The most medically expensive and at times fatal one is Hemophilia and Sickle Cell Anemia. If left without treatment, they can be lethal and deadly. Sometimes even treatment doesn’t make the situation much better. Sickle cell anemia is the distortion of the red blood cell shape and certain properties....   [tags: Blood, Red blood cell, Sickle-cell disease]

Good Essays
2115 words (6 pages)

Essay on Sickle Cell Anemia

- Abstract Sickle Cell Anemia is a hereditary disease that changes the smallest and most important components of the body. A gene causes the bone marrow in the body to make sickled shapes, when this happens; it causes the red blood cell to die faster. This is what causes Hemolytic Anemia. Older children and adults with sickle cell disease may experience a few complications, or have a pattern of ongoing problems that shorten their lives. The most common and serious complications of sickle cell disease are anemia, pain, fatigue, and organ failure....   [tags: Hereditary Diseases Sickle Cell Anemia Essays]

Good Essays
2583 words (7.4 pages)