The sectional division between Northern and Southern states began in colonial times resulting from geographical differences. The South had warm climate and soil ideal for tobacco growth and other plantation crops such as: sugar cane, sugar beets, and the most profitable crop – cotton. Slave labor was introduced by transporting black African slaves into the rural agriculture that fuelled the Southern economy. The North’s economy depended on trade, as industry and commerce were centered in the North. Some major issues between the North and South included both social and economical differences.
They both held different views on slavery “Abolitionists was only one of the era’s numerous efforts to improve society… social reform was an international crusade” (Foner, 433). Some argued for greater state rights while some argued Federal Government needed more control which led to the collapse of the two party system. Whig’s and Democrats began to fracture along regional lines. The Whig’s represented the Northern states while the Southern states were represented by the Democrats. Whig was a label well recognized for independence and opposing tyranny. The Whig’s were active in the 19th century and later on blended into the Republicans in the North.
The fracture of the two areas began when weaknesses developed in the Articles of Confederation that caused a great deal of interstate conflict that led to the U.S. Constitution. There were two sides to the great debate: the Federalists and...
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...production was affected. Business and political leaders recognized the need to further unify the country with roads. Local governments and railroad companies began building railroads and canals. The rise of internal trade between Southern plantations and Northern textile manufacturers proved to become an additional problem. Textile mills and the advancement in technology and machinery enhanced the North’s economy and did nothing for the South.
The Second Awakening was a religious revival that affected the entire country. It inspired the beginnings of the Abolitionists movement. The basic theology popularized by the movement stated that persons had a direct relationship with God and that human dignity required freedom of will. This rise in spirituality intensified, giving a rise to a shift in morality which led to a growth in Abolitionists and temperance movements.
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