The Differences Between The And The Middle Of The Nineteenth Century Essay

The Differences Between The And The Middle Of The Nineteenth Century Essay

Length: 1129 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

During the middle of the eighteenth century, wide population growth and unequal economic development led many Whig spokesmen to create a republican ideology “that proved to be the most potent conceptual force shaping political and social thought (52).” Throughout the colonies, the visible gap between the wealthy and poor widened. Observers from different religions all agreed that instead of “serving as a beacon of spirituality and temperance to the rest of the world, the colonies now seemed but a sad reflection of the rampant materialism, social striving, and impiety infecting Europe (52).” These shared opinions led to the creation of Republicanism, which rejected monarchy and aristocracy in favor of a government representative of and for the people. For many leaders it embodied much more than an effort for political independence, it embodied a moral vision reflecting the Protestant ethic. The “classical” republicans shared with the Puritans and Quakers a basic assumption that a constant balance between power, liberty, and virtue was needed in order to create a successful, stable society. The virtues—industry, frugality, simplicity, enlightened thinking, and public spiritedness—which were needed to sustain a righteous citizenry, were “almost identical to those valued by the early Puritans and Quakers (52).” Unlike the Puritans, who focused their ethic on the masses to prevent materialism from disrupting the established social order, the Republicans, like the radical evangelicals and Quaker reformers, aimed their protests at the upper classes who were more interested in selfish gain than social responsibility (53). To the Whig Moralists, political corruption and social decay were caused by the elite. These Whigs, including Sam Adam...

... middle of paper ...

...successful Revolution ended, America achieved political independence but failed to result in the moral regeneration that so many republican spokesmen hoped for. During the revolution, there was much ambiguity about what the term “republicanism” meant. John Adams admitted that republicanism had come to mean “anything, everything, or nothing (70).” The Revolutionary Americans had varying opinions on what the new nation should entail. Some supported the revolution for more freedom in the market, while others viewed it as an opportunity for more freedom and participation in both social and political life. Once it began, colonists with opposing views still used the same libertarian arguments. As the fight for America’s independence ended, and the new nation began, the notion of simple living was undermined by the excitement of moving forward as a newly independent nation.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Differences Between The And The Early Nineteenth Century Essay

- In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, people began to represent the differences between the sexes in profoundly new ways. This essay will explain and evaluate their arguments. Focusing on Schiebinger’s arguments, as well as, Laqueur’s arguments, this time period had gone through numerous new changes in their period and what exactly came from it. Further readings such as Bridenthal, will help back up these arguments as well. This essay will also evaluate the new changes in this time period, including how women were involved in science....   [tags: Gender, Male, Sex, Sexual differentiation]

Better Essays
1299 words (3.7 pages)

The Decline Of The Nineteenth Century Essay

- It is commonly said that the only constant thing in life is change. In today’s world change is inevitable, even revered as the process for prosperity calls for it. There would not be a new and improved phone or car every few months without a high expectation for change. But it was not until the nineteenth century that this was so. The nineteenth century was the turning point for the world’s economies as, “the world was experiencing not only a dramatic change in industry [...] but also a transition to industry from agriculture.” This move from agriculture to industry showed how nations needed to modernize in order for the population to thrive....   [tags: Industrial Revolution, Industrialisation]

Better Essays
1115 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Study of Early Nineteenth Century Aristocracy Life

- “It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife.” With that first line I am captured, thrown back into a world two hundred years old. The scene around me melts into a Regency-style ball room, elegant young ladies in long, ornate gowns waltzing on the arms of dashing gentlemen, sleek black chaises pulling up the cobblestone drive, portly musicians puffing at their instruments in the corner. And I am in the middle of it all, experiencing the lives of my ancestors with the turn of each page....   [tags: dance, lives, culture, regency, laws, society]

Better Essays
662 words (1.9 pages)

The Marxist View On History, Social Historians And The Nineteenth Century Scientific Method

- When we analyze historical situations we usually look at the superficial facts that make the story and base our reaction to those facts. Although mostly everyone can say that certain events, such as those that transpired on September 11, 2001, are tragic some people will look and analyze the situation differently. We can apply the same concept to historiography and how different schools of historiography analyze the situation and question the situation in a different manner. I will be analyzing three schools and try to decide what questions each school would ask in trying to understand what happened or why they might have happened....   [tags: Scientific method, Science, History, Al-Qaeda]

Better Essays
1177 words (3.4 pages)

The Representation of Family in Nineteenth Century English Art Essay example

- The Representation of Family in Nineteenth Century English Art 19th century art gives us a great insight into Victorian society and culture, its hopes, fears, likes, dislikes, its ambitions and failures and its preconceptions and contradictions (The Victorian Web, 2003) . Each picture tells a story and provides us with a great record of Victorian culture and the thoughts and pre-occupations of people throughout the 19th century. The home and the family became the centre of 19th century life and the family was the most common of all Victorian paintings....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
1333 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on How Diplomacy Changed from the 19th Century to the 20th Century

- A breakdown of the dominate international theories practiced during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries showed the trend away from realism, where power politics for the control of land dominated foreign policies, to liberalism, with the international economic interdependence and the development of international nongovernment agencies. International politics ceased to be an all for one attitude as modern technology brought global economies and social awareness that spanned the world. Empires and imperialism marked the nineteenth century....   [tags: Government]

Better Essays
1270 words (3.6 pages)

Homosexualtiy and Heterosexuality Essay

- Homosexuality and heterosexuality have become major subject matters throughout the early twenty-first century. However, these qualities have previously existed and have preoccupied the minds of countless theorists and critics for several years. Homosexuality is not only a common aspect in the twenty-first century world, but has also been developing into a literary critique know as “queer theory.” The theory consists of evaluating the unity between male and female counterparts within the same individual....   [tags: Twenty first Century, Culture, Society]

Better Essays
1116 words (3.2 pages)

American Identity And The Middle Of The Nineteenth Century Essay

- American identity is unique, there is no other country in the world that can claim the same identity that Americans’ possess. An Identity that developed from the early colonization of America through until the middle of the eighteenth century. Since I was born and raised in Canada, it is easy for me to recognize American unique identity that exist even today. To answer the question, how did the process of colonization create an American identity in the middle of the eighteenth century. The answer is in the American unique cultural, religious, and social identity, their military fighting styles, and their commerce or economy....   [tags: United States]

Better Essays
1243 words (3.6 pages)

Woman in the Nineteenth Century, by Margaret Fuller Essay

- Woman in the Nineteenth Century, by Margaret Fuller In her essay, Woman in the Nineteenth Century, Margaret Fuller discusses the state of marriage in America during the 1800‘s. She is a victim of her own knowledge, and is literally considered ugly because of her wisdom. She feels that if certain stereotypes can be broken down, women can have the respect of men intellectually, physically, and emotionally. She explains why some of the inequalities exist in marriages around her. Fuller feels that once women are accepted as equals, men and women will be able achieve a true love not yet known to the people of the world....   [tags: Woman in the Nineteenth Century Margaret Fuller]

Better Essays
1136 words (3.2 pages)

Nineteenth Century Literature Heroines and Conformity Essay

- Nineteenth Century Literature Heroines and Conformity By definition, a heroine is a woman who would typically encompass the qualities of nobility, courage, independence and strength. Nineteenth century English women would have struggled to accomplish any of these particular acts of heroism within their social environment as ultimately, their roles within civilisation saw them becoming a good wives and mothers and before that, obliging and caring daughters. Within this ubiquitous discourse of separate spheres, Kathryn Gleadle suggests that women were ‘encouraged to see themselves as ‘relative creatures', whose path in life was to nurture the family and to provide unstinting support for the h...   [tags: Literature 19th Century]

Free Essays
1654 words (4.7 pages)