Essay about The Differences Between Mao And The Cold War Era

Essay about The Differences Between Mao And The Cold War Era

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The Sino-Soviet split was akin to a bitter divorce where it had spurred on innuendos of both guilt and innocence that lay on both sides. The deteriorating relationship between the communist powerhouses, leading to their eventual separation was founded by their deeply rooted ideological differences which Mao refused to compromise on and wavering in his path towards his revolutionary agenda. Once common allies, had now gradually drifted apart as in regards to separatist ideals in the direction of international communism. Mao’s inclination to create China into a leading global communist icon as well as his desire to escape the dependency on the Soviets was a pivotal factor in the creation of these tensions and eventual split. The means in which these relations had deteriorated alludes to the eventual blending of foreign and domestic policies, allowing Mao to push and thus exploit these failing international relations for his own political gains. The majority of literature on this subject was written during the early Cold War era, however with the gradual opening of China in the 1980’s had brought about a wealth of sources which revealed a more nuanced complex picture in explaining these tensions. These newly founded post-Cold War historians such as Lorenz, Li and Westad adopt a more multiclausal explanation and emphasise ideology as being the driving factor in the separation, particularly the proactive role taken by the CCP which controlled the speed and demise of this Sino-Soviet relationship. An alliance that had been built upon mutual convenience, was destined for failure, once their common ideologies eroded it bought about accumulations of mistrust and inequalities that had been bubbling under the surface. Furthermore, these dev...


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...this unbalance, where he proposes that this alliance was viewed by China as a major achievement in its juvenile history of the time, as for the Soviets this alliance was merely another “asset”. One observation that emerges in Stalin’s totalitarian regime was his ever increasing need to enforce control over his satellites, were eventually this would lead to an incursion into Chinese national interests. In stark contrast, Mao’s pushed for control and leadership of the communist world order, particularly after Stalin’s death, consequently hampered the already deepening rift. Thus, this alliance of friendship projects an illusion of equality, as in many aspects it was merely a smokescreen for Soviet domination, were Soviet me ntoring was at the expense of Chinese sovereignty, noted by Soviet occupation of Manchuria and in their controlling of key industrial sectors.

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