Essay on DIET AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN AMERICAN INDIAN CHILDRE

Essay on DIET AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN AMERICAN INDIAN CHILDRE

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INTRODUCTION
The goal is to suggest a modified intervention for the “Physical education component” of the Pathways intervention program; the basis of the modification will be the Social Ecological Model. This paper will be addressing the Physical activity Self-efficacy, physical activity participation and the curriculum that was offered for this component of the Pathways intervention Program. It will be addressed systematically by using the 6 factors of the Social Ecological Model for the promotion of physical activity.
BACKROUND
Compared with other ethnic groups in the United States, American Indian youth are said to be affected unevenly by the epidemic of obesity (Styne, 1996; Stevens et al., 2003). Before the age of 10, it is recorded that 40% to 50% of American Indian children of many communities are classified as either overweight or obese by modern definitions in contrast to data from a century ago in which Caucasian and Lakota children were equivalent in weight and body mass index (Styne, 1996). Numerous etiologies must be addressed to build programs to decrease the prevalence of childhood obesity in the American Indian community and thus the importance of the Pathways Intervention program on psychosocial variables related to diet and physical activity by Stevens et al. In Stevens et al., 2003 study and intervention, the authors confirm that they use the Social Learning theory* as the overall theoretical framework for the Pathways intervention program. The intervention promoted a healthful lifestyle by influencing Personal, behavioral and environmental interacting factors (Stevens et al., 2003). They also mention that they combined constructs from the theory mentioned above and cultural concepts. The cultural concept incl...


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...an: Emerging methods and concepts. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Press.

Bronfenbrenner, Urie (1989). Annals of child development, 6: 187–249.

Stevens et al. (2003). The impact of the pathways intervention on psychosocial variables related to diet and physical activity in American Indian schoolchildren. Preventive Medicine, 37(S1), S70-S79. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2003.08.012

Stokols , D. (1996). Translating social ecological theory into guidelines for community health promotion. Am J Health Promot., 10(4), 282-298. Retrieved from http://www.yale.edu/bioethics/contribute_ documents/Translating.pdf

Styne, D. M. (1996). Childhood obesity in American Indians. J Public Health Manag Pract., 16(5), 381. doi: 10.1097/PHH.0b013e3181e887ae.

Miller, N.E. & Dollard, J. (1941). Social Learning and Imitation. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

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