The goal is to suggest a modified intervention for the “Physical education component” of the Pathways intervention program; the basis of the modification will be the Social Ecological Model. This paper will be addressing the Physical activity Self-efficacy, physical activity participation and the curriculum that was offered for this component of the Pathways intervention Program. It will be addressed systematically by using the 6 factors of the Social Ecological Model for the promotion of physical activity.
Compared with other ethnic groups in the United States, American Indian youth are said to be affected unevenly by the epidemic of obesity (Styne, 1996; Stevens et al., 2003). Before the age of 10, it is recorded that 40% to 50% of American Indian children of many communities are classified as either overweight or obese by modern definitions in contrast to data from a century ago in which Caucasian and Lakota children were equivalent in weight and body mass index (Styne, 1996). Numerous etiologies must be addressed to build programs to decrease the prevalence of childhood obesity in the American Indian community and thus the importance of the Pathways Intervention program on psychosocial variables related to diet and physical activity by Stevens et al. In Stevens et al., 2003 study and intervention, the authors confirm that they use the Social Learning theory* as the overall theoretical framework for the Pathways intervention program. The intervention promoted a healthful lifestyle by influencing Personal, behavioral and environmental interacting factors (Stevens et al., 2003). They also mention that they combined constructs from the theory mentioned above and cultural concepts. The cultural concept incl...
... middle of paper ...
...an: Emerging methods and concepts. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Press.
Bronfenbrenner, Urie (1989). Annals of child development, 6: 187–249.
Stevens et al. (2003). The impact of the pathways intervention on psychosocial variables related to diet and physical activity in American Indian schoolchildren. Preventive Medicine, 37(S1), S70-S79. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2003.08.012
Stokols , D. (1996). Translating social ecological theory into guidelines for community health promotion. Am J Health Promot., 10(4), 282-298. Retrieved from http://www.yale.edu/bioethics/contribute_ documents/Translating.pdf
Styne, D. M. (1996). Childhood obesity in American Indians. J Public Health Manag Pract., 16(5), 381. doi: 10.1097/PHH.0b013e3181e887ae.
Miller, N.E. & Dollard, J. (1941). Social Learning and Imitation. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- "We have the best raw materials in the world, both quantitatively and qualitatively, but most of them are ruined in the process of preparing them for the table." stated H.L. Mencken in reference to America and our usage of food (Mitzewich). Food is a necessity for life and survival, however, with the structure of the American diet, the food we eat is assisting us into our [early] graves. Americans are highly unaware of what they are stuffing down their throats and even less unaware of the generational effects.... [tags: American Diet, Processed Food, Fast Food Indusrty]
955 words (2.7 pages)
- Have you noticed that around every corner is some kind of snack or soft-drink vending machine. When you walk outside there is most likely some kind of fast food restaurant or convenience store within walking distance that offers food and drinks on demand with little to no wait. Living in a fast paced world, these fast and easily accessible foods have become something many rely on. Yes, with all of our technical and cultural advances in America we have surely come a long way in these past few decades.... [tags: Health, Nutrition, Diet, Lifestyle]
1029 words (2.9 pages)
- The typical American diet has become a very controversial and touchy topic that can easily offend some people. Many people from different walks of life all have the same problem in the U.S., their growing waistline. Does fault lie with the nations culture or is the fault our own. Many foods commonly eaten in the U.S. are considered fatty or unhealthy yet many Americans eat them anyway though the information and facts are clearly labeled on the packages of the food we consume. Are there any religious reasons behind our terrible diet choices.... [tags: Health, Nutrition, Diet, Lifestyle]
982 words (2.8 pages)
- The state of the American Health in the U.S has become an increasing concern of many Americans. An article entitled “11 Facts about American Eating Habits,” addresses the state of food in the U.S by stating, “Healthiness of the food we eat decreases by 1.7 percent for every hour that passes in the day.” Experts and scientists in the U.S has raised questions about regarding the different ways food is now being produced. While individuals are usually not aware of the ingredients that food contains, many people continue to have unhealthy eating habits.... [tags: Eating Habits, Health, Diet]
1016 words (2.9 pages)
- Childhood obesity is a complicated topic and is complicated to pinpoint what the exact cause is, some of the major factors that contribute to childhood obesity are lack of exercise in their daily lives, poor nutrition, and eating habits; and lack of education among parents to safely help their children live a healthier life. Childhood obesity poses a serious threat to the health of our nation, children these days have little to none outdoors activities. Lack of physical activity found to be a significant factor in contributing to childhood obesity.... [tags: childhood obesity,physical activity,overweight]
1634 words (4.7 pages)
- Most Americans do not care enough to take a look at the nutritional values of the food that he or she is consuming. That is why America has the highest percentage of obesity in the world. This is a serious problem because one in every three adults is obese, and one in every six children is obese. There are many factors that go into the regular American diet, but most of those factors are not appealing nor is it healthy. Americans put way too much processed food into their daily diet. Some would say that other countries diets superior the American diet because of nutritional values that it carries.... [tags: Nutrition, Health, Eating Habits]
1162 words (3.3 pages)
- The world’s dietary functionality differs from region to region, but a consensus remains constant; americans have an unfulfilling diet overall. In other countries the have their diet scheduled for three structured meals for each day, whereas americans eat whenever their minds tell them that they are hungry. The problem with the american way is when americans eat, they eat food that is filling to the brain but not to the stomach. Americans are always on the run, therefore there is not sufficient time to prepare a structured meals; instead americans rely on fast food.... [tags: Health, Eating Habits, Lifestyle]
986 words (2.8 pages)
- REFLECTION Diet and nutrition have a way of affecting health in a variety of ways. It also has a way of affecting the life one leads. At the start of the semester, it was a preconceived idea that people across the country had, for the most part, enough food to live to sustainable life. This notion has since been set by the way side as it has changed drastically. It has come to my attention that many people across the United States (and even countries worldwide for that matter) do not have enough food to live on daily.... [tags: supplements, food, hunger, diet]
1341 words (3.8 pages)
- The American Diet and Its Effects Today, we have many people suffering from various diseases, most of which are diet related. Basically, these complications are either as a result of increased intake of specific foods, or due to deficiency of some major nutritional components. What this means is that the health of human beings can only be assured by making sure the right foods and dietary compositions have been consumed (Swinburn & Waters, 2010). This approach can therefore make sure majority of diet-related diseases and complications will be addressed.... [tags: Nutrition]
974 words (2.8 pages)
- The Importance of Diet and Nutrition A child's diet and nutrition is a growing concern. Parenting is one of the most difficult jobs in the world, and often times parents struggle just to get their children to eat. Most parents assume that as long as their children eat something, it is fine to let them eat what they want. The wrong approach to food can give children mixed messages about proper nutrition and lead to serious problems later. Parents are solely responsible for children's poor eating habits.... [tags: Health Nutrition Pyramid Diet]
954 words (2.7 pages)