The definition of a mental disorder is important as it relates to the DSM. The overall meaning of what a mental disorder is influences the decisions to include or exclude certain conditions as mental disorders. Scrutiny of this definit...
... middle of paper ...
...the DSM-5 includes that a mental disorder is a syndrome characterized by a clinically significant disturbance in an individual’s cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior that reflects a dysfunction in the psychological, biological, or developmental processes underlying mental functioning. The inclusion of biological and developmental processes makes the definition more discrete in recognizing a disorder from a non-disorder because most harmful dysfunctions are mediated by biological processes. To my knowledge, the research literature is moving forward in improving and clearly defining what is considered a mental disorder, more so as to avoid identifying normal functioning as pathological functioning. For now, the DSM’s definition of a mental disorder will suffice, but further contemplation and research can spring up ideas to make the definition even more concrete.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- For decades, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders has been a tool used for clinical assessments and the diagnoses of mental disorders. New editions and revised versions of the DSM either update or delete many classifications and/or the disorders within them, usually based on a consensus among mental health scientists. However, it seems as if some of the content of the DSM has a tenuous relationship with the concept of reliability and validity as it pertains to what is considered a disorder.... [tags: Mental disorder, Psychology]
1067 words (3 pages)
- The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) has a number of features. First of all, every disorder is identified using a name and a numerical code. In addition, the manual provides the criteria for diagnosing each disorder as well as establishes subtypes of a disorder and examples that would illustrate the disorder. The manual goes further by addressing the typical age of onset, culturally related information, gender-related information, prevalence of a disorder, typical clinical course of a disorder, typical predisposing factors of a disorder and genetic family patterns of a disease (Summers, 2009).... [tags: Mental Health ]
1186 words (3.4 pages)
- Since the first diagnosis of autism was made in 1943 by an psychiatrist named Kanner , the diagnostic criteria of autism ever since has been evolving over time in both clinical and research settings. One of the world’s most widely used classification handbook of mental disorders is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) proposed by the American Psychiatric Association. DSM has underwent 7 revisions since its first edition published in 1952. The latest edition, DSM-5, was released in May 2013.... [tags: Autism, Pervasive developmental disorder]
1201 words (3.4 pages)
- Agoraphobia is derived from the Greek words agora, meaning “gathering place” or “assembly” which was used to describe a city’s marketplace, and phobia meaning “fear.” It literally means "fear of the marketplace." Carl Westphal first coined the term “agoraphobia” in 1871 to describe people who were afraid of large open spaces. Since then, the definition of agoraphobia has been modified and continues to develop as more research is done. (Barlow, 2002, p. 328) The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM–5; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013) defines the essential trait of agoraphobia as "marked, or intense, fear or anxiety triggered by the real or anticipat... [tags: Panic Disorder, Homework]
1783 words (5.1 pages)
- The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the comprehensive guide to diagnosing psychological disorders. This manual is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and is currently in its fifth revision. Moreover, the manual is utilized by a multitude of mental health care professionals around the world in the process of identifying individuals with disorders and provides a comprehensive list of the various disorders that have been identified. The DSM serves as the essential resource for diagnosis of mental disorders based off of the various signs and symptoms displayed by individuals while also providing a basic reference point for the treatment of the d... [tags: Cultural Issues, System of Classification]
1371 words (3.9 pages)
- The recent release of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) (American Psychiatric Association, 2013) has led to the introduction of a new class of addictive disorders. And although the new category, behavioural addictions, currently only includes Internet gambling disorder, under the “conditions for further study” section of the DSM-5 is Internet gaming disorder. Discussions are on-going on whether or not Internet gaming disorder has legitimate reason for its inclusion in future editions of the DSM.... [tags: Addiction, Video game, Video game addiction]
1269 words (3.6 pages)
- ... Differences with other sources What makes Saving Normal different from other books with the same subject is that Allen Frances is a psychiatrist who has worked on the accomplishment of the DSM-III and was chairman of the DSM-IV Task Force. Hereby has Frances a lot of experience with and knowledge about the DSM. But he also has a lot of knowledge and experience with psychiatry and psychology in practice. Because Frances has worked on the accomplishment of the previous DSMs you would expect that he would be a great proponent of the DSM-5.... [tags: mental disorers, big pharma]
1573 words (4.5 pages)
- In this paper the literal interpretation of schizophrenia will be given; however the broader definition currently used in the healthcare field will be included to give a better understanding of the disorder. The criteria for diagnosis pertaining to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), used by clinicians and researchers to diagnose and classify mental disorders, the most recent being DSM-V will be included. Symptoms of the disorder and the physical changes in the brain will be explained to include a comparative image from a set of twins, one of which diagnosed schizophrenic and the other healthy.... [tags: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder, Psychology]
967 words (2.8 pages)
- The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) has been used for decades as a guidebook for the diagnosis of mental disorders in clinical settings. As disorders and diagnoses evolve, new versions of the manual are published. This tends to happen every 10 years or so with the first manual (DSM-I) having been published in 1952. For the purpose of this discussion, we will look at the DSM-IV, which was published originally in 1994, and the latest version, DSM-5, that was published in May of 2013.... [tags: Manual of Mental Disorders]
2204 words (6.3 pages)
- Crazy is a word with a thousand and one connotations meaning everything from being wildly enthusiastic, to displaying wild or aggressive behaviour. Psychologists have come to the understanding that the pop culture word crazy is synonymous with abnormal behaviour. Abnormal behaviour is difficult to define as the question it faces is who has the authority to differentiate between what is normal and what is abnormal. There are many questions which aid psychologists to differentiate between normal and abnormal, but the following four are the most commonly agreed upon (Rieger, 2011): 1. Is the behaviour statistically rare.... [tags: psychology, defining normal and abnormal]
1006 words (2.9 pages)