The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Comparing DSM-IV and DSM-5,

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Comparing DSM-IV and DSM-5,

Length: 2204 words (6.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) has been used for decades as a guidebook for the diagnosis of mental disorders in clinical settings. As disorders and diagnoses evolve, new versions of the manual are published. This tends to happen every 10 years or so with the first manual (DSM-I) having been published in 1952. For the purpose of this discussion, we will look at the DSM-IV, which was published originally in 1994, and the latest version, DSM-5, that was published in May of 2013. Each version of the DSM contains “three major components: the diagnostic classification, the diagnostic criteria sets, and the descriptive text” (American Psychiatric Association, 2012). Within the diagnostic classification you will find a list of disorders and codes which professionals in the health care field use when a diagnosis is made. The diagnostic criteria will list symptoms of disorders and inform practitioners how long a patient should display those symptoms in order to meet the criteria for diagnosis of a disorder. Lastly, the descriptive text will describe disorders in detail, including topics such as “Prevalence” and “Differential Diagnosis” (APA, 2012). The recent update of the DSM from version IV-TR to 5 has been controversial for many reasons. Some of these reasons include the overall structure of the DSM to the removal of certain disorders from the manual.
One change that has been met with disdain is the removal of the multi-axial system of assessment contained in the DSM-IV. The multi-axial system was an assessment format with five different axes listed in numerical order. The different axes included the following topics: Axis I – major mental disorders, Axis II – personality disorders and ment...


... middle of paper ...


...spective offers, “the DSM-5 balances the dimensional and categorical frameworks better than any previous version” (Ozonoff, 2012, p. 1093).
I have to admit; during the research of this paper was the first time I have ever held a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders in my hands. After comparing the overall structure of the two versions, DSM-IV and DSM-5, I would conclude that the DSM-5 layout is more user friendly. Many of the changes seem to be a step in the right direction and will hopefully inspire new research that gives new insight into mental disorders. Change is usually met with resistance in any form because it causes individuals to step out of their comfort zone. If clinicians and practitioners can get over the initial hump of being awkward to use, I’m sure the DSM-5 will improve the process of diagnosing and treating mental disorders.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Child Behavioural Disorders Essay

- Discuss, with appropriate examples, the importance and understanding of the psychology of child behavioural disorders are to an Early Years Education practitioner. The term Conduct Disorder (CD) does not refer to a clinical syndrome in a traditional sense. Usually clinical syndromes are grouped either by the reoccurrence of clusters of the common symptoms or single noticeable symptoms. Behavioural problems which occur in late childhood and adolescence are also classified as conduct disorder. “The term Conduct Disorder has been applied to children who break family or societal rules” (Kazdin, 1987 cited in Dermot O’Reilly, 2005)....   [tags: psychology, conduct disorder]

Powerful Essays
613 words (1.8 pages)

Essay on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders by Allen Frances

- ... Differences with other sources What makes Saving Normal different from other books with the same subject is that Allen Frances is a psychiatrist who has worked on the accomplishment of the DSM-III and was chairman of the DSM-IV Task Force. Hereby has Frances a lot of experience with and knowledge about the DSM. But he also has a lot of knowledge and experience with psychiatry and psychology in practice. Because Frances has worked on the accomplishment of the previous DSMs you would expect that he would be a great proponent of the DSM-5....   [tags: mental disorers, big pharma]

Powerful Essays
1573 words (4.5 pages)

Comparing the Biological and Psychodynamic Paradigms of Psychopathology Essay

- A paradigm is a form of framework of general perspective, which helps and guides the study and treatment of psychopathology The paradigm helps the scientists and psychologists to shape up what they want to investigate, and diagnose in the area of abnormal mental health, understanding paradigms helps them explore subjective influences that may affect their work. And Psychopathology is the study of mental illness or mental distress and the manifestation of behaviours of mental illness or psychological impairment....   [tags: psychology, mental health]

Powerful Essays
2476 words (7.1 pages)

Essay on The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

- The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) has a number of features. First of all, every disorder is identified using a name and a numerical code. In addition, the manual provides the criteria for diagnosing each disorder as well as establishes subtypes of a disorder and examples that would illustrate the disorder. The manual goes further by addressing the typical age of onset, culturally related information, gender-related information, prevalence of a disorder, typical clinical course of a disorder, typical predisposing factors of a disorder and genetic family patterns of a disease (Summers, 2009)....   [tags: Mental Health ]

Powerful Essays
1186 words (3.4 pages)

Essay about The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

- Agoraphobia is derived from the Greek words agora, meaning “gathering place” or “assembly” which was used to describe a city’s marketplace, and phobia meaning “fear.” It literally means "fear of the marketplace." Carl Westphal first coined the term “agoraphobia” in 1871 to describe people who were afraid of large open spaces. Since then, the definition of agoraphobia has been modified and continues to develop as more research is done. (Barlow, 2002, p. 328) The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM–5; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013) defines the essential trait of agoraphobia as "marked, or intense, fear or anxiety triggered by the real or anticipat...   [tags: Panic Disorder, Homework]

Powerful Essays
1783 words (5.1 pages)

Obsessive Compulsive Disorders, Obsessive Compulsive Spectrum Disorders, and the P.A.N.D.A.S. Conne

- Obsessive Compulsive Disorders, Obsessive Compulsive Spectrum Disorders, and the P.A.N.D.A.S. Connection As someone who's been plagued by an Obsessive Compulsive Spectrum Disorder since childhood, I can say it seems hopeless at times. For so long a sufferer feels that what they have isn't a legitimate ailment and that he is alone in his battle. Thankfully, in recent years, more and more research is being done on Obsessive Compulsive Disorders, and more answers are being found. Obsessive Compulsive Disorders are the fourth most common psychiatric diagnosis....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

Free Essays
1125 words (3.2 pages)

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Essay

- The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the comprehensive guide to diagnosing psychological disorders. This manual is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and is currently in its fifth revision. Moreover, the manual is utilized by a multitude of mental health care professionals around the world in the process of identifying individuals with disorders and provides a comprehensive list of the various disorders that have been identified. The DSM serves as the essential resource for diagnosis of mental disorders based off of the various signs and symptoms displayed by individuals while also providing a basic reference point for the treatment of the d...   [tags: Cultural Issues, System of Classification]

Powerful Essays
1371 words (3.9 pages)

Affective States Influencing Creativity Essay

- Introduction The concept of affective states influencing creativity can be found documented as far back as the writings of Aristotle, in his words, “No great mind every existed without a touch of madness.” Exploration of this concept can be found in early studies conducted by Andreasen (1988), Jamison (1995), and Ludwig (1988). These researchers indicate high levels of affect disorders in persons who have achieved literary eminence. A multitude of studies comparing the role of affective states to genetics, cognition, personality, and intelligence, propose affective disorders consistently contribute to higher rates of creativity (Do I need to list all the studies or can this be stated in a b...   [tags: mental illness, bipolar disorder]

Powerful Essays
1408 words (4 pages)

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders: A Controversial History

- Crazy is a word with a thousand and one connotations meaning everything from being wildly enthusiastic, to displaying wild or aggressive behaviour. Psychologists have come to the understanding that the pop culture word crazy is synonymous with abnormal behaviour. Abnormal behaviour is difficult to define as the question it faces is who has the authority to differentiate between what is normal and what is abnormal. There are many questions which aid psychologists to differentiate between normal and abnormal, but the following four are the most commonly agreed upon (Rieger, 2011): 1. Is the behaviour statistically rare....   [tags: psychology, defining normal and abnormal]

Powerful Essays
1006 words (2.9 pages)

Abnormal Psychology: An In-depth Examination Essay

- In this paper, we will be examining the differences between what is normal and abnormal psychological thinking, various disorders and treatment methods for the various disorders with a focus on therapeutic treatments. The idea of understanding first what is the difference in the psychological thinking of an individual who suffers from a mental illness or disorder tends to be in the comprehension of what is normal and what abnormal behavior is. Mental illness and mental disorders tend to be synonymous with each other in their usage; many do not fully comprehend the difference between a disorder and an illness....   [tags: therapeutic treatments, behavior, disorders]

Powerful Essays
1209 words (3.5 pages)