Diagnosis Using The Dsm Iv Criteria Essay

Diagnosis Using The Dsm Iv Criteria Essay

Length: 1214 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Botella and colleagues used a nonconcurrent multiple-baseline between subjects design in their study. There were four subjects in the study, three of which were white females who met criteria for panic disorder, agoraphobia, and claustrophobia and one white male who met criteria for specific phobia, claustrophobia, only. A semistructured admissions interview designed by a clinical and research team was used to establish participants’ diagnosis using the DSM-IV criteria. These diagnosis were reviewed by an independent psychologist that was blind to the study. During the first assessment interview participants also completed the self-report measures. One of these was the Problem-Related Impairment Questionnaire (Echeburú & De Corral, 1991), which uses a ten point scale, 0 being no impairment to 10 being complete impairment, to evaluate how the disorder effects participant’s life in serval areas. Another was the Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI; Peterson & Reiss, 1992) which was adapted into Spanish by Sandín, Chorot, and McNally in 1996. The measure rates participants’ belief that experiencing fear and anxiety can lead to illness, embarrassment, or additional anxiety.
In the second assessment session the Behavioral Avoidance Test (BAT) was administered. The test consisted of seeing if clients could stay in a closet with the dimensions of 75 cementers in width, by 1 meter in length, by 2 meters in height for 5 minutes with the door closed and locked. Before the test began participants were asked to rate from 0 to 10 their belief that they would be able to say in the closet with the door locked for all 5 minutes. Participants could terminate the test at any time and were rated by researchers from 0 to 13, with 0 being refusing to ente...

... middle of paper ...

...rticipants’ disorder as proof that this dip was not spontaneous remission, but it could have affected the outcome of the study. The authors also touched upon the fact that most of their measurements were self-report measures and therefore could have been effected by a number of bias. The inconsistency between the BAT and ASI scores, which was mentioned above, was also seen as a limitation of the study by the researchers. Personally, the writing of the article was a limitation that I found. It was hard to understand exactly how the treatment procedures were carried out. The researchers did not cite what specific in vivo exposure treatment they modeled their virtual reality treatment after nor did they make it clear how self-report measures were administered. Replication of this study would be extremely difficult due to how it was presented in this article.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Dsm Iv V As A Diagnosis

- ASD changes in Criteria DSM IV-V As a diagnosis, PDD-NOS was within 15 years a relatively new term. The year 1980, "Infantile autism" is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) for the first time; the condition is also officially separated from childhood schizophrenia.”(Virginia, 2014). “In the 1940s, researchers in the United States began to use the term "autism" to describe children with emotional or social problems Hans Asperger, a scientist in Germany, identified a similar condition that’s now called Asperger’s syndrome.”( Bhandari, Smitha....   [tags: Autism, Pervasive developmental disorder]

Better Essays
819 words (2.3 pages)

A Review of Agoraphobia & Discussion of the DSM-V Diagnostic Criteria Essay

- Introduction What if you were afraid of leaving your home. How difficult would it be to function when contemplating a trip to the grocery store creates debilitating anxiety. That is the reality for people with agoraphobia. Readers may have an impression of what Agoraphobia is due to its use in motion pictures. Sigourney Weaver portrayed an agoraphobic psychologist in the 1995 movie Copycat; Dianne Weist portrayed Sean Penn’s helpful, but agoraphobic neighbor in I am Sam; and Bill Pullman provided a more amusing portrayal as Daryl Zero, the title character in 1998’s The Zero Effect....   [tags: Agoraphobia Essays]

Better Essays
1091 words (3.1 pages)

Substance Use, Abuse, And Dependence Using The Current Dsm 5 Terminology And Conceptualization

- In this discussion, I will attempt to distinguish between substance use, abuse, and dependence using the current DSM-5 terminology and conceptualization. Substance use is when someone consume alcohol or drugs. Taking a sip of wine is use, which does not always mean alcohol or drug will lead to addiction. However, substance uses the person might become addicted. And Substance abuse, when a person consumes alcohol or drugs on a regular basis, despite the fact it may be problematic in the individual life....   [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Substance abuse, Heroin]

Better Essays
917 words (2.6 pages)

Diagnosis And Diagnosis Of Schizophrenia Essay

- According to Tsuang, Stone, and Faraone (2000), the criteria needed for a diagnosis of schizophrenia have made progress throughout the years, but information is still lacking. There still is not a thorough understanding of the origins of the disorder. This elusive understanding may be a result of the current formulation of the schizophrenia criteria. Unfortunately, it is not simple to modify even though the DSM’s construct of schizophrenia lacks basis. The purpose of the article was to contemplate about different ways to foster a more comprehensive understanding of schizophrenia’s etiology....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Psychiatry]

Better Essays
1233 words (3.5 pages)

Essay about Removing Asperger's Disorder from the DSM V

- In 1944, Asperger’s disorder was first discovered by Hans Asperger who was a child psychologist and pediatrician who described a group of boys between the ages of 6 and 11 as “little professors” because of their interests and use of language (van Duin, Zinkstok, McAlonan & van Amelsvoort, 2014). In the DSM-IV, Asperger’s disorder (AD) refers to individuals who have an average or high IQ, but have difficulty in social interactions, poor communication skills and restricted interests (Wing, Gould & Gillberg, 2010)....   [tags: Aperger's History, Hans Asperger]

Better Essays
1473 words (4.2 pages)

The Strengths and Weaknesses of the DSM-IV Classification System for Diagnosing Psychopathology

- The Strengths and Weaknesses of the DSM-IV Classification System for Diagnosing Psychopathology Introduction: DSM-IV as a system of diagnosis has been criticised on its very foundation that far from improving the clinical practice it claims to have prioritised. To assess its strengths and weaknesses, the essay critically examined the purpose of DSM-IV and how its practice and techniques have been practically found useful. As in the definition offered by Allen (1998) the concept stands for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition....   [tags: Psychopathology]

Better Essays
2110 words (6 pages)

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Comparing DSM-IV and DSM-5,

- The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) has been used for decades as a guidebook for the diagnosis of mental disorders in clinical settings. As disorders and diagnoses evolve, new versions of the manual are published. This tends to happen every 10 years or so with the first manual (DSM-I) having been published in 1952. For the purpose of this discussion, we will look at the DSM-IV, which was published originally in 1994, and the latest version, DSM-5, that was published in May of 2013....   [tags: Manual of Mental Disorders]

Better Essays
2204 words (6.3 pages)

Clinical Utility of the FFM and DSM-IV in the Diagnostic and Treatment of Personality Disorders

- The DSM-IV, classifies personality disorder in categories, identifying significant maladaptative personality traits and most of the diagnosis are validated. Those types of disorders are linked to cognitive and perceptual abnormalities that affect the lives of individuals. The validity and accuracy of the DSM-IV has been questioned due to the absence of a dimensional model for personality disorders. (Lynan, 2001).The Five Factor Model (FFM) of personality illustrated five domains of personality used to describe human personality....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]

Better Essays
920 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Categorical Approach to Diagnosis

- `In the past, I worked in such a research setting, where if a person was found to meet criteria for opiate dependence they received treatment, however if even slightly short of DSM-IV criteria for the disorder they would have to look elsewhere. This was a continual concern for me, as the person who met criteria was not always the person with the most distress, and alternative treatments were not easy for people to find. Largely from this experience, I find the current categorical approach to classifying persons with psychopathology to be an imperfect system at best, with the primary advantage of being convenience when communicating with other professionals....   [tags: Psychology]

Better Essays
869 words (2.5 pages)

The Fear of Fat Criterion Within the DSM IV Essay example

- As our society is bombarded with the images of manufactured beauty and “thinness”, conversations increasingly center on dieting and body dissatisfaction. The media advertises weight loss products in the form of pills, drinks, surgery, fitness equipment and support groups to mold individuals into the proposed ideal form. This evidence alone suggests a strong case for the possibility of a pathological fear of fat. Is this fear, however, the driving force behind all cases of anorexia nervosa and bulimia....   [tags: anorexia nervosa]

Better Essays
1639 words (4.7 pages)