Kraepelin and Bleuler made observations that led to the creation of the ICD and the DSM classification systems. Kraepelin separated dementia praecox and manic-depressive psychosis. Dementia praecox was a term used to describe patients that exhibited perceptual and cognitive dysfunctioning at an early onset. Dementia praecox typically had an early onset but would increase in severity permanently. In comparison, manic-depressive psychosis had a later onset and was episodic with periods of normalcy. Dementia praecox was later reformulated into schizophrenia and described as a heterogeneous group of similarly presenting disorders, by Bleuler. According to Bleuler, schizophrenia’s fundamental defect was the splitting of the mind’s normally integrated functioning of thought, affect, and behavior. Unlike the DSM, hallucinations...
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... be the same as schizotaxia. If this assumption is accurate, schizotaxia can be a better explanation of the predisposition of schizophrenia than what is stated in the DSM-IV. Future research should examine the functional implications of schizophrenia. Investigation is also needed to create preventative treatments, which are still not available for schizotaxia or schizophrenia since there would not be evidence of significant impairment. Another implication of the findings is that the diagnosis of schizotaxia could cause more people to be affected by the negative stigma that is on mental health. After nosologists address the nonspecificity of psychosis and the biological relationship between schizotaxia and schizophrenia, it will increase the possibility of developing interventions that could possibly prevent the onset of psychosis among the schizophrenic population.
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