Definition: diabetes is a condition where the amount of glucose in your blood is too high because the body cannot use it properly.
This is because your pancreas doesn’t produce any insulin, or not enough insulin, top help glucose enter your body’s cells – or the insulin that is produced does not work properly (known as insulin resistance)
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high.
Different types of Diabetes…
There are 2 main types of diabetes:
Type 1: where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin.
Type 2: where the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is far more common than type 1. In the UK, around 90% of all adults with diabetes have type 2.
During pregnancy, some woman have such high blood glucose that their body is unable to produce enough insulin to absorb all. This is known as gestational diabetes.
Many more people have blood sugar levels above the normal range, but not high enough to be diagnosed as having diabetes.
This is sometimes known as having pre-diabetes. If your blood sugar level is above normal range, you risk developing full blown diabetes.
It is very important to discover having diabetes as early as possible, if you have it, because it can get increasingly worse as it goes untreated and it could end up being fatal.
Symptoms and observable signs
The symptoms and observable signs of type 1 Diabetes are the following:
• Increased thirst
• Frequent urinations
• Bedwetting in children who didn’t previously wet the bed
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...main problems in type 2 diabetes is the occurrence of what is called insulin resistance.
• In this type of diabetes, the pancreas starts off strong in its making of insulin.
• On the other hand, cells that need energy don’t respond normally to the usual amounts of insulin.
Diabetes is an increasingly common chronic condition affecting millions of people in the UK. Approximately 1 in 16 people (3.9 million) in the UK have diabetes and this figure has doubled since 1996. Although other factors, such as environment and lifestyle are more likely to play a role in type 2 diabetes, there is a strong predisposition to developing both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The genetic risk of developing type 1 diabetes is higher if either or both, biological parents have diabetes. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes is almost 90% if you have an identical twin wh
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