I chose Diabetes because it is an interesting topic that I have discussed before. It is also important because it affects millions of people worldwide and it is increasing drastically. It is a very serious disease that if not managed or detected early can lead to other ailments and even death. It costs millions-billions of dollars in treatment and research. Diabetes also run in my family.
1. How do you acquire type 2 diabetes?
When we eat, food is broken down into (smaller molecules), one of which is sugar. The glucose is transported by the blood. A hormone, insulin is produced in the beta cells of the pancreas. Insulin moves glucose into cells to be stored for energy. The case is different for someone who has diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, your cells (liver, muscles, etc.) do not respond to insulin correctly (insulin resistance) and as a result the glucose is not stored and remains in the blood. When this glucose cannot be stored, it builds up in the blood, which is known as hyperglycemia.
2. How prevalent is the diabetes in the population?
According to National Di...
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