Essay on Diabetes Related Mortality Among American Indians And Alaska Natives

Essay on Diabetes Related Mortality Among American Indians And Alaska Natives

Length: 722 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The article “Diabetes-related mortality among American Indians and Alaska Natives, 1990-2009” by Cho et al, is a research article that focuses on the diabetes health disparity in American Indians and Alaskan Natives (AI/AN). The study assessed diabetes-related mortality in the AI/AN and compared the findings to American non-Hispanic white population. The studies results indicated that AI/AN were 2.5 to 3.5 times more likely than the non-Hispanic white population to have diabetes as a cause of death. Thankfully, strides have been made to combat the prevalence of diabetes in AI/AN communities.

INTRODUCTION
Diabetes is disproportionately affecting minority groups across the United States.1 Of the minority groups affected by diabetes, American Indians and Alaskan Natives (AI/AN) are where they are more than twice as likely to develop diabetes than their non-Hispanic white population.1 Diabetes is more prevalent amount the AI/AN population and on average AI/AN develop diabetes at a much younger age than other populations.1 This results in the the AI/AN population being more vulnerable to complications that are brought on by diabetes.1

AI/AN DIABETES-RELATED MORTALITY
Cho et al’s methods used in determining the AI/AN diabetes-related mortality was to use the American Indian and American Native Mortality Database (AMD) and then restrict that database to only include non-Hispanic AI/AN.1 The non-Hispanic white population was then used as a reference point as they are the most homogeneous among American racial groups.1
Cho et al’s results indicated that diabetes, as an underlying cause of death (COD), was 3.62 times higher in AI/AN individuals than in the non-Hispanic white population; and diabetes as a multiple COD, was 2.63 times...


... middle of paper ...


... by the Indian Health Service (IHS), in order to help reduce diabetes incidence rates in AI/ANs.3 This program, which first started in 2008, focuses on lifestyle interventions.3 The primary goal of the lifestyle interventions was weight reduction through healthy eating and increased physical activity in the AI/AN community.3 Since this program is relatively new, only time will tell if it can make a significant impact on the AI/AN struggle with diabetes-related mortality.

CONCLUSION
While progress has been made, there is still much work to be done in helping the AI/AN communities. Our government has made a good start in assisting the AI/AN communities with the SDPI-DP program. Hopefully the SDPI-DP program and other actions and assistance, will one day led to diabetes and diabetes-related mortality being no longer a health related disparity among AI/AN populations.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Stroke Mortality Among Alaska Native People Essay

- My article review is on, “Stroke Mortality Among Alaska Native People”, by Ronnie Horner. The Alaskan Natives have been suffering with the vast number of mortality rates caused by strokes. This article was written to successfully understand the Alaskan’s stroke problem or factors that contribute to this problem, and eventually find strategies that will aid in its prevention. The only problem that exists with trying to come up with strategies for prevention is the sparseness of the epidemiological data of the Alaskan Natives....   [tags: Article Review, Ronnie Horner]

Free Essays
968 words (2.8 pages)

American Indians and Alaska Natives Essays

- The United States population growth rate continues to increase gradually by less than 1% per year. Over the past decade, American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIANs) population increased by 26.7%.1 According to 2010 census, there are approximately 5.2 million AIANs living in the United States representing 1.7% of the U.S. population.2 By 2050, the projected population of AIANs will reach an estimated 8.6 million.2 Alaska Natives (AN) comprise of the second largest population group in Alaska. They make up a bigger percentage of Alaska’s population than Native Americans in any other state....   [tags: population growth, alaska, natives]

Better Essays
927 words (2.6 pages)

Mortality Related to Diabetes Mellitus Essay

- In 2013 the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) reported that 382 million people suffer from diabetes worldwide and it is expected to rise by 55% in 2035. Although diabetes is most prevalent in industrialized countries such as the United States of America and China, mortality related to diabetes is higher in low-income countries such as India and Egypt (International Diabetes Association, 2013). Through the analysis of a case study, the pathophysiology, risk factors, diagnostics, medications, and nursing implications of diabetes will be examined and explained....   [tags: patients, mismanagement, glucose level]

Better Essays
1475 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on Alaska Is The Highest Gasoline Price

- While the average cost of a gallon of regular gasoline in the United State has tumbled, there are still five states where the cost of a gallon of gas remains above $2.40. In one of those five states, is Alaska. Alaska is one of the highest cost for gasoline where state fuel taxes are a mere 12.4 cents per gallon, the lowest among the 50 states and the District of Columbia. There are no operating refineries in Alaska, so the states exports its North Slope crude oil and import gasoline. Like mentioned in the abstract, we will try to understand why Alaska has the highest gasoline price in the country....   [tags: Alaska, Petroleum, U.S. state, Peak oil]

Better Essays
1336 words (3.8 pages)

Notes On Infant Mortality Statistics Essay

- Introductory Explanations Infant Mortality Statistics The 2013 report presented statistics from the linked birth and infant death data set (linked file) by maternal and infant characteristics. The linked file differs from the mortality file, which is based on death certificate data. Descriptive statistics of data were presented and interpreted. The purpose of the linkage “was to use the many additional variables available from birth certificates to conduct more detailed analysis of infant mortality patterns” (Martin, Hamilton, Venture et al., (2011, p....   [tags: Infant mortality, United States, Demography]

Better Essays
871 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on Looking for Alaska by John Green

- The novel Looking for Alaska by John Green is told in first person narrative from the point of view of Miles Halter. The story takes place in Alabama on the campus of Culver Creek Preparatory School following the lives of Miles, a 16 year old boy, and his group of friends that consist of the "Colonel", Alaska, and Takumi. As the novel progresses, Miles' innocence slowly unfolds as he faces the pressures of drinking, smoking and Alaska’s death. Miles changes from being an antisocial person to someone who makes an effort to integrate into a new environment....   [tags: Looking for Alaska, John Green]

Better Essays
874 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on How Is Morality And Happiness Related?

- How are morality and happiness related. Throughout history, philosophers have tried to determine the precise link between morality and happiness. Most, if not all, believe that the way you live your life defines your end happiness. To begin, we must have a common definition of happiness. Depending on the various philosophies happiness can be slightly different things. Socrates, who was one of the was the first to make a connection between morals and happiness, defined it as that “happiness comes from leading a moral life in servitude of the greek gods” (Boss, 389)....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Utilitarianism, Aristotle]

Better Essays
1520 words (4.3 pages)

Infant Mortality Rate Is A Global Dilemma Essay

- High infant mortality rate is a global dilemma, but with ongoing research and medical discoveries, high infant mortality rates may lower or completely diminish. There are several causes of infant mortality such as: hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, respiratory failure and traumatic stress. Several technologies have been developed to reduce the infant mortality rate. The artificial placenta, hypothermia therapy, stress therapy are technologies/techniques that may help alleviate the infant mortality rate....   [tags: Infant mortality, Infant, Pediatrics, Infancy]

Better Essays
1363 words (3.9 pages)

Three Main Types of Bear in Alaska Essays

- In Alaska there are 3 main types of bears. They are brown bears, black bears, and polar bears. These categories are broken down into different genetics of bear species. The most common bear found in Alaska is the black bear. The black bears are smaller than most bears. They are found in almost all states in the US except Hawaii. Most are found in forest, but some may be found in swamps and mountains. An estimated 100,000 black bears live in Alaska. Black bears in Alaska range from sea level to the wooded forest....   [tags: Alaska, danger, hunting]

Better Essays
657 words (1.9 pages)

Analysis of the First Paragraph in Porter’s Old Mortality Essay

- Analysis of the First Paragraph in Porter’s Old Mortality First, I would like to make some broad generalizations about Katherine Anne Porter’s stories. The selections of stories that I have read could be considered stories about transition, passage from an old world to a new. There is a prolific amount of life and death imagery related to changes from slavery to freedom, aristocracy to middle-class, and birth to death. Her stories contain characters from several generations and the narratives move through out this multi-generational consciousness....   [tags: Porter’s Old Mortality]

Free Essays
600 words (1.7 pages)