Diabetes Mellitus : Common Chronic Disease Essay

Diabetes Mellitus : Common Chronic Disease Essay

Length: 1156 words (3.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

As the seventh leading cause of death, diabetes mellitus is a common chronic disease that requires a lifelong behavioral and lifestyle changes. For all types of diabetes, the main features is chronic hyperglycemia resulting from problems with insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Type 2 diabetes is a progressive disorder in which the pancreas makes less insulin over time. Children with type 2 diabetes have a reduced ability for most cells to respond to insulin, poor control over liver glucose output, and decrease beta-cell function, eventually leading to beta-cell failure. Most people with type 2 diabetes are obese adults, but today there is an increase rate of obesity occurring in children causing the onset for type 2 diabetes.
Pathophysiology of Type 2 Diabetes
The pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterized by peripheral insulin resistance, impaired regulation of hepatic glucose production, and declining Beta-cell function, eventually leading to Beta -cell failure. Beta-Cell dysfunction is characterized by an impairment in the first phase of insulin secretion during glucose stimulation and may antedate the onset of glucose intolerance in type 2 diabetes (Ward et. al., 1986). The specific cause of type 2 diabetes are not known. The pancreas compensate by producing insulin in large amounts causing the pancreas to overwork and then release beta-cells to atrophy (Battle, 2009). . Both insulin resistance and beta-cell failure have many genetics and non-genetic causes. There is a prevalence of type 2 diabetes in people with a genetic predisposition and a sedentary lifestyles as well as in obese children (Battle, 2009). Signs and symptoms for type 2 diabetes include increased thirst, increase h...

... middle of paper ...

Type 2 diabetes is a major public health concern that effects all ages. Identifying the rapid increase of children and adolescents affected by type 2 diabetes, will become one for the most important task to control and prevent the onset. By monitoring and identifying at risk children and adolescents, will prevent the onset and progression of type 2 diabetes and health related complications. Using the 10 Essential Public Health Services framework, healthcare personal can set up numerous initiatives for Type 2 diabetes and explore the use and need of these services among children and adolescent. My current research on type 2 diabetes analyze links between Diabetes and Thyroid Disease, Adiposity and Glucose Level and Type 2 diabetes screening. These research focuses on the causes of type 2 diabetes among children and adolescence worldwide with different outcomes.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Treatment Of Diabetes Mellitus ( T2dm )

- Date and Time requested: November 23, 2014; 8:00 AM Date and Time responded: December 8, 2014; 8:00 AM Drug consult request: Does canagliflozin compared to glimepiride provide an efficient and safe add-on therapy to metformin for uncontrolled type 2 diabetic patients. Background Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a lifelong progressive disease with increasing prevalence.1,2 It is the most common form of diabetes (90-95% of diabetic patients) and it requires continuous medical care.1,2 For most T2DM patients, metformin is considered the first line of pharmacological treatment in addition to proper diet and exercise.1,2,3 Long-term glycemic control is a common challenge in T2DM patients due t...   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin]

Better Essays
1561 words (4.5 pages)

Diabetes Mellitus : An Autoimmune Disorder Essay

- Adriana Santiago MED 2056 LVN FT032 Diabetes Mellitus Evelyn Sadsad 8/20/15 Diabetes Mellitus The human body is a perfectly balance organism that needs to be in a state of homeostasis (balance) in order to function properly. Certain conditions however, can cause a disruption in the bodies equilibrium. Diabetes mellitus is a common disease that disrupts the bodies normal sugar levels leading to hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). There are 2 different types of diabetes mellitus. Knowing the difference between diabetes type 1 and type 2 is highly important in order to determine the appropriate treatment to manage the disease....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Diabetes, Blood sugar]

Better Essays
1109 words (3.2 pages)

Diabetes Mellitus : Disease And Diabetes Essay

- Diabetes Mellitus Introduction Diabetes Mellitus, as defined by the American Diabetes Association, is “a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both”(Diagnosis and Clarification,” 2008). There are many different types of diabetes, with the two most familiar forms being type 1, and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, previously referred to as “juvenile-diabetes”, only accounts for 5-10% of individuals diagnosed with diabetes....   [tags: Insulin, Diabetes mellitus, Obesity]

Better Essays
1099 words (3.1 pages)

A Brief Note On Diabetes And Diabetes Mellitus Essay

- 1.1 Diabetes mellitus 1.1.1 Public significance of diabetes Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases, ranking as the seventh leading cause of death in the United States in 2010 [1]. The prevalence of diabetes can be estimated using self-report previous diagnosis (diagnosed diabetes) and other clinic definitions including over 6.5% in A1C, over 200ml/dL in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and over 200ml/dL in 2-hour plasma glucose (PG) if diabetes was not previously diagnosed (undiagnosed diabetes) from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data [2]....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Obesity]

Better Essays
1590 words (4.5 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of Diabetes Mellitus Essay example

- Diabetes mellitus designates a group of diseases characterized by a myriad metabolic abnormalities including abnormal metabolism of glucose. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease in which the pancreas produces too little or no insulin, impairing the body 's ability to turn sugar into usable energy. Type 2 diabetes, which accounts for 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes (CDC 2008), is caused by resistance to insulin and is more common in elderly and persons who are overweight. Approximately 23.6 million people in the United States have diabetes....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension, Diabetes, Obesity]

Better Essays
1288 words (3.7 pages)

A Short Note On Diabetes Mellitus And Mellitus Essay

- diabetes, caused by a deficiency of the pancreatic hormone insulin, which results in a failure to metabolize sugars and starch. Diabetes mellitus is characterized as the chronic elevation of blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) resulting from defects in insulin secretion or insulin action. Diabetes mellitus falls into two broad categories or types namely type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Type 1 diabetes mellitus also referred to as juvenile diabetes, it can also develop in adults. This type of diabetes mellitus occurs when your body no longer produces insulin because the immune system that normally protects the body against bacteria and viruses has attacked and destroyed the cells that pr...   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Obesity, Blood sugar]

Better Essays
1784 words (5.1 pages)

The Health Promotion Of Diabetes Mellitus Essay

- Since Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is one of the most common health challenges world-wide, I am going to further incorporate the topic in my paper. Through academic research and resources, in my first paragraph I will be providing the health promotion definition along with expressing the importance for patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. My second paragraph will display the pathophysiology to help comprehend how this health challenge is present in the body. Health promotion interventions will also be incorporated with ideas and specific information to aid individuals in promoting health and preventing development of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin]

Better Essays
778 words (2.2 pages)

The Treatment Of Diabetes Mellitus Essay

- “I was dehydrated and drinking all the cold water from the water fountains in school and going to the bathroom about 19 times a day. My hair was falling out. My hair brush was always full. I weighed 66 pounds and dropped to 44 pounds in about a month or so.”2 This is the story of Nancy who was diagnosed with diabetes. Our bodies form glucose and insulin. Glucose is produced when food it digested. The pancreas than secretes a hormone called insulin to allow our bodies to make use of the glucose....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Diabetes insipidus]

Better Essays
1526 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on The Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus.

- 1. Discuss the pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus. The pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus in is related to the insulin hormone. Insulin is secreted by cells in the pancreas and is responsible for regulating the level of glucose in the bloodstream. It also aids the body in breaking down the glucose to be used as energy. When someone suffers from diabetes, however, the body does not break down the glucose in the blood as a result of abnormal insulin metabolism. When there are elevated levels of glucose in the blood, it is known as hyperglycemia....   [tags: Diabetes Mellitus, Pathophysiology]

Better Essays
1147 words (3.3 pages)

Diabetes Mellitus Essay

- Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death listed in the United States. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness. “In 1996 diabetes contributed to more than 162,000 deaths”(Lewis 1367).      “Diabetes mellitus is not a single disease but a group of disorders with glucose intolerance in common” (McCance 674). Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia (increased blood sugar) and results from defective insulin production, secretion, and utilization....   [tags: Health Diseases Diabetes Essays medical]

Better Essays
1451 words (4.1 pages)