Diabetes is a disease where the body is no longer able to produce enough insulin or any at all; therefore, it can cause escalated glucose levels in the blood. In the United States alone in 2012, 9.3 percent of the population or 29.1 million people have been diagnosed with diabetes (National Diabetes Statistics Report 2014). There are three different types of diabetes; type 1, type 2, and gestational. Each type of diabetes is formed differently, but they are all treatable and manageable.
Type 1 diabetes is when the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a type of hormone that people need in order to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy. In type 1, the beta cells in the pancreas destruct which is how, in most cases, leads to insulin deficiency (Daneman 2006). This type of diabetes is accounted for only about 5-10 percent of the population who are diagnosed with diabetes (Daneman 2006). Type 1 is usually found in children and young adults, however it is triggered through environmental elements such as viruses (Mayo Clinic staff 2015). The cause is unknown; people are usually born with it. This is a disease that is developed through genetic inheritance. Common symptoms of type 1 diabetes are increased thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger, fatigue, weakness, and blurred vision (Mayo Clinic staff 2015). Some complications can occur such as heart and blood vessel diseases, which can lead to chest pain, heart attack, stroke, narrowing of the arteries and high blood pressure. Treatments for type 1 diabetes include the intake of insulin through injections or an insulin pump, counting carbohydrates, constant blood sugar monitoring, and a health...
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... sugar, insulin and medication, and the most important is to monitor the baby closely (Mayo Clinic staff 2015).
In conclusion, there are three different categories of diabetes; type 1, type 2, and gestational. Each one is produced differently, but they are all treated very similarly. Type 1 diabetes is through genetic inheritance and is developed early on in life. Type 2 diabetes is established in older adults and can be developed from poor lifestyle choices. Gestational diabetes is produced during pregnancy because the body is not creating the correct amount of insulin needed during pregnancy, this type can be temporary and in most cases goes away after the pregnancy. Diabetes is treatable and manageable, and the three forms are generally treated the same by healthy eating habits, the intake of insulin or medication, and monitoring the blood sugar levels.
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