Essay on Diabetes : An Autoimmune Condition

Essay on Diabetes : An Autoimmune Condition

Length: 791 words (2.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Diabetes is diagnosed when a person’s pancreas cannot produce enough insulin by itself, which results in that person’s glucose levels being higher, than the normal range. There is no cure for diabetes, but it is able to be controlled, resulting in a full and active life (Diabetes New Zealand, 2014).


There are three types of diabetes; Type 1, Type 2, and Diabetes of pregnancy.
Type 1 is when a person does not produce any, or very little, insulin. It is an autoimmune condition which means their immune system destroys the pancreas. This means it stops making insulin and their body is unable to convert glucose into energy. As a result of this their body is actually being starved therefore, they tend to lose weight rather quickly. Their health rapidly deteriorates and death is a high possibility if they are not administered insulin. In order to maintain good health, a person with Type 1 requires insulin injections several times a day as well as some dietary changes. Out of all people diagnosed with diabetes only about 10% have Type 1. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs during childhood, roughly between the ages 7 and 12. Although it can happen to anyone, regardless of age (Diabetes New Zealand, 2014).

People with Type 2 are generally still producing insulin but production is sluggish or their body experiences resistance to insulin. The major cause of someone’s body becoming resistant to insulin is being overweight. Being overweight can trigger Type 2 to occur, regardless of age and sex. Physical exercise and weight loss are ways to treat Type 2 diabetes, although medication is also sometimes needed in order to stimulate the pancreas to make more insulin or reduce the body’s resistance to insulin. Type 2 diabetes is progressive which m...


... middle of paper ...


...l more frequently
- Passing urine more than usual

The reason I chose diabetes is because I have family members who suffer from the condition. I have had to learn about how and when they take insulin injections, what to do if they are having a high or low moment and also how to recognise whether what is happening is a high or a low. Depending on whether they’re having a high or low they need to have something like water or some type of sugar (usually an orange or some jellybeans). It is something that we have had to be aware about since I was little and I think people should be more educated about it because for someone watching someone have a high or low episode it can be easy to disregard it as them being drunk or intoxicated. People need to be able to tell the difference so that when something does happen, it doesn’t evolve into a life threatening situation.






Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Diabetes Is An Autoimmune Disease

- Type 1, or Juvenile, Diabetes is an autoimmune disease which causes the body to attack the pancreas eventually halting the production of insulin and affects 5-10% of the American population (ADA 2012). This type of diabetes mellitus is typically diagnosed in children and teens, but can also develop in adults. The signs and symptoms of diabetes can vary from person to person, some more severe than others. While there are effective ways of managing diabetes, controlling the disease is a challenge due to several factors....   [tags: Blood sugar, Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Diabetes]

Better Essays
934 words (2.7 pages)

Diabetes : An Autoimmune Disease Essay

- Diabetes Introduction Diabetes is a collection of metabolic diseases that result in too much sugar, known as glucose, in the blood (Arcangelo, & Peterson, 2013). This can be caused by inadequate insulin production in the body or because cells do not respond properly to the insulin or a combination of both (Kishore, 2014). This paper will review the types of diabetes and one of the drugs used in treatment. Additionally, it will include dietary considerations and the long and short term affects of the disease and medication....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Blood sugar, Insulin]

Better Essays
792 words (2.3 pages)

Type 1 Diabetes : An Autoimmune Disease Essay

- Diabetes Mellitus, commonly known as Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease that affects the endocrine and immune systems as well as the cells in nearly all body’s systems. Unlike Type 2 diabetes, Type 1 diabetes cannot be obtained later in life making it the most common chronic childhood disease, yet only representing 15% of all diabetes cases. A person living with Type 1 diabetes is born with a genetic predisposition to the disease, which is unlocked by environmental triggers such as a virus or toxin....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Blood sugar]

Better Essays
1016 words (2.9 pages)

A Short Note On Diabetes And Chronic Diseases Essay

- Epidemiology Final Paper Princy Thapaliya Envm 510 22nd October 2016 Diabetes 1. Chronic diseases are the type of diseases that stays for the long period or keeps coming back. Chronic diseases cannot be treated or prevented from any medications. According to the Centers for diseases control and prevention (CDC) chronic diseases are the leading causes for the deaths in United States. As of in 2012, at least 50 % of the adults have at least one chronic diseases and 25% of the adults have the more than two chronic diseases....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Diabetes]

Better Essays
2557 words (7.3 pages)

Essay on Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 : An Autoimmune Disorder

- One of the largest growing problems in America is a disorder that is beginning to gain more and more attention, diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus is a “chronic, lifelong condition that affects your body’s ability to use the energy found in food” (WebMD 2014). Diabetes is caused by a hormone known as insulin. Insulin is produced by the pancreas and is needed to draw sugar, or glucose, from food that we eat from our blood and into our cells. Without glucose feeding our cells, they can not function properly....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Blood sugar, Insulin, Obesity]

Better Essays
1668 words (4.8 pages)

A Brief Note On Diabetes And Its Effects Essay

- Diabetes is a disease, which can affect entire parts of a person’s body. It is known that the body cannot produce insulin by themselves . Insulin is a hormone made in the pancreas by beta cells. When food is consumed, insulin is released into the bloodstream where it helps to move glucose from the food eaten into cells and convert it into energy and store it. Without insulin, the body cannot use the energy stored in the body which in turn builds high sugar in the blood (Diabetes Australia, 2015).There are two major types of diabetes and these are type 1 diabetes (insulin dependent Mellitus), which is generally known to be precipitated by an autoimmune condition which destroys the cells in...   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Blood sugar, Insulin, Diabetes]

Better Essays
1612 words (4.6 pages)

Essay on Type 1 Diabetes : Autoimmune And Usually Occurs At A Young Age

- Type 1 diabetes is autoimmune and usually occurs at a young age. This was previously known as juvenile diabetes, but is now called type 1 diabetes mellitus or insulin dependent mellitus and where the pancreas secretes no insulin which means they are insulin dependent. “Only 5 to 10 % of people with diabetes have type 1.It often develops in the winter and Caucasians have the highest rate of diabetes insipidous type1”(D’Souza MS, Karkada SN, Venkatesaperumal R, Natarajan J (2015) Type 1 diabetes can affect many organs in the body, including cardiovascular system, nervous system, and the renal system....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Blood sugar, Insulin, Diabetes]

Better Essays
1788 words (5.1 pages)

Essay about A Short Note On Diabetes And Its Effects

- Cause of diabetes- Diabetes is when the body can’t produce insulin; the insulin helps to control the sugar (glucose) level in the blood. Glucose is a type of sugar that is found in foods and sugary drinks. Glucose is absorbed by the body as part of digestion and is also carried around the body in the blood. For those people who don’t have type 1 diabetes the pancreas produces insulin which then takes any glucose out of the blood and into the cells where it then converts the glucose into energy, however for a person with type 1 diabetes its different as the pancreas doesn’t produce insulin as it’s an autoimmune condition....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Myocardial infarction]

Better Essays
851 words (2.4 pages)

The Causes Of Diabetes And Diabetes Essay

- What is Diabetes. Diabetes is when your blood glucose is extremely too high. Sometimes the blood can always have a little more glucose in it due to the body which needs glucose for energy to make the body keep going. Having too much glucose in the blood is very unhealthy for the body. Even though, glucose comes of any food that has been eaten and produces liver and muscles. It will allow the blood to carry the glucose to each individual cell in the entire body. Insulin is created by the pancreases, to release insulin into the blood....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Blood sugar, Diabetes]

Better Essays
726 words (2.1 pages)

The Causes Of Diabetes And Diabetes Essay

- Diabetes is when your blood glucose is extremely too high. Sometimes the blood can always have a little more glucose in it due to the body which needs glucose for energy to make the body keep going. Having too much glucose in the blood is very unhealthy for the body. Even though, glucose comes of any food that has been eaten and produces liver and muscles. It will allow the blood to carry the glucose to each individual cell in the entire body. Insulin is created by the pancreases, to release insulin into the blood....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Blood sugar, Diabetes]

Better Essays
723 words (2.1 pages)