There are three types of diabetes; Type 1, Type 2, and Diabetes of pregnancy.
Type 1 is when a person does not produce any, or very little, insulin. It is an autoimmune condition which means their immune system destroys the pancreas. This means it stops making insulin and their body is unable to convert glucose into energy. As a result of this their body is actually being starved therefore, they tend to lose weight rather quickly. Their health rapidly deteriorates and death is a high possibility if they are not administered insulin. In order to maintain good health, a person with Type 1 requires insulin injections several times a day as well as some dietary changes. Out of all people diagnosed with diabetes only about 10% have Type 1. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs during childhood, roughly between the ages 7 and 12. Although it can happen to anyone, regardless of age (Diabetes New Zealand, 2014).
People with Type 2 are generally still producing insulin but production is sluggish or their body experiences resistance to insulin. The major cause of someone’s body becoming resistant to insulin is being overweight. Being overweight can trigger Type 2 to occur, regardless of age and sex. Physical exercise and weight loss are ways to treat Type 2 diabetes, although medication is also sometimes needed in order to stimulate the pancreas to make more insulin or reduce the body’s resistance to insulin. Type 2 diabetes is progressive which m...
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...l more frequently
- Passing urine more than usual
The reason I chose diabetes is because I have family members who suffer from the condition. I have had to learn about how and when they take insulin injections, what to do if they are having a high or low moment and also how to recognise whether what is happening is a high or a low. Depending on whether they’re having a high or low they need to have something like water or some type of sugar (usually an orange or some jellybeans). It is something that we have had to be aware about since I was little and I think people should be more educated about it because for someone watching someone have a high or low episode it can be easy to disregard it as them being drunk or intoxicated. People need to be able to tell the difference so that when something does happen, it doesn’t evolve into a life threatening situation.
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