Diabetes : A Type Of Diabetes Essay

Diabetes : A Type Of Diabetes Essay

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Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or respond to insulin. Insulin is a hormone. When the body is unable to produce enough insulin or respond to insulin it results in the abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and high glucose in the system. Insulin is required to convert sugar and carbohydrates into energy.
There are two primary types of diabetes, type 1, for which the onset is date is generally in children, it is known as juvenile diabetes. In Type 1 diabetes the body does not manufacture insulin (American Diabetes Association, n.d.). The second type of diabetes is Type 2, for which the onset is generally in adults. A third type of diabetes is gestational diabetes, occurring in women while pregnant generally around the 24th week, in most cases women will be relieved the diabetic symptoms after birth.
There are several comorbidities that are associated with diabetes, such as renal failure, glaucoma and other eye diseases, neuropathy, strokes, and high blood pressure. Diabetes is considered to be an expensive disease due to the associated comorbidities.
Within the United States, there are over 25 million diabetics, that is over 8% of the population, however within the Asian Indian population type 2 diabetes estimates are between 17 to 29% (Mandeep Bajaj, 2013). As additional information, according to the New York Times article, The Global Diabetes Epidemic, diabetes is at epidemic proportions in India, China and other emerging economies. Indians are predisposed to diabetes, particularly when overweight (Lipska, 2015). Another risk to Indo Americans is that much of the food is carbohydrates, due to many Hindu Indians being vegetarian. In addition, there is also a significant portion of Indo Americans who hav...


... middle of paper ...


...imizing the number of carbohydrates becomes very challenging.


Works Cited
American Diabetes Association. (n.d.). Diabetes Basics. Retrieved December 9, 2015, from http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/?loc=db-slabnav
Lipska, K. (2015, April 25). The Global Diabetes Epidemic. The New York Times. Retrieved December 10, 2015, from http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/26/opinion/sunday/the-global-diabetes-epidemic.html?_r=0
Mandeep Bajaj, M. (2013, January 24). Diabetes in Asian Indians in the United States. Retrieved December 9, 2015, from indoamerican-news.com: http://www.indoamerican-news.com/?p=14157
Office of Minority Health. (2014, February 1). Retrieved December 9, 2015, from http:// minorityhealth.hhs.gov/omh/browse.aspx?lvl=4&lvlID=18
Basics About Diabetes. (2015, March 31). Retrieved December 10, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/dia betes/basics/diabetes.html



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