This paper is examining how the Dewey Decimal Classification System (DDC) has been adapted and translated in both Western and non-Western Nations and the problems that have arisen during this process. In this paper we will first examine what the DDC is which includes looking into its history specifically into how Mr. Custer helped the DDC become an international classification system. Next we will focus on the problems that arise during the process of adapting and translating the DDC from one culture to another. Before the conclusion there will be a literature review that looks into how Western and non-Western nations adapt to the DDC.
The Dewey Decimal Classification System is an organization system used to organize information materials in libraries so that those materials are easier to find. In this world of computers and internet it is normally very easy to get information at just the push of a button. That was not always the case. For in a time before computers a person had to go through a physical object like a book or atlas to find the information that they were looking for. This can be a problem when a person is looking for a specific piece of information that is located in only a small number of books in a library of thousands. The DDC was created to solve this problem by allowing a person to look up a subject which will then lead them to the materials that will contain the information that they are looking for.
Mitchell and Vizine-Goetz (2009) mention that the basic design of the DDC has the information organized into 10 primary classes and those classes are separated into 10 divisions which are themselves separated into 10 individual sections. This organization of classes can be...
... middle of paper ...
...of Library and Information Sciences, Third Edition (pp. 1507–1517). Taylor & Francis. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1081/E-ELIS3-120043240
New, G. R. (1998). Custer and the Modernization of Dewey. Cataloging & Classification Quarterly, 25(2-3), 133–149. doi:10.1300/J104v25n02_10
Olson, H. A. (2001). Sameness and difference: a cultural foundation of classification. Library Resources & Technical Services, 45(3), 115–122.
Satija, M. P. ., email@example.com. (2013). Briefs on the 19th (1979) to the 23rd Edition (2011) of Dewey Decimal Classification. DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, 33(4), 277–288.
Sulistyo-Basuki, L., & Mulyani, A. S. (2008). Indonesian Librarians’ Efforts to Adapt and Revise the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC)’s Notation 297 on Islam. Malaysian Journal of Library & Information Science, 13(2), 89–101.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Classification has a system within it that organises knowledge. There is a system of symbols known as notation and this represents the classes in a classification system. The notation is expressed in Arabic numerals in the case of the Dewey Decimal System. It does not matter what words are used to describe subjects the notation will give a unique meaning of the class and say its association to other classes. The notation has the ability to identify the class within which the subject belongs and related classes.... [tags: Dewey Decimal System]
518 words (1.5 pages)
- Pawing at the “Dewey” Decimal System Dewey the library cat is probably one of the most noteworthy cats that has ever been heard of. Dewey is an orange little tabby cat that the writer (Vicki Myron) found in the rain on her way to work, and brought Dewey with her to the library. From that instant Dewey the library cat grew up in a library lying on every book that he has seen. His name came from the Dewey Decimal System. He has unintentionally inspired thousands of people by being himself. He has Myron and the rest of the library staff play with him, feed him, and take care of him.... [tags: library book classification method]
1208 words (3.5 pages)
- The Eastern Cultures’ Healing Powers: The Western Cultures’ Greatest Asset Quick Fix culture and the Attitude Adjustment Culture The Western Culture focuses on two methods of healing: chemically engineered compounds and surgical procedures. For instance, in the United States, individuals have the option of antidepressants with or without the aid of cognitive therapy(Selhub 2007) Most individuals choose the quick approach due to its alluring quick fix scheme. These contrasts different from the Eastern Culture’s main focus: the power of the mind and the energy from within: mind, body, and soul.... [tags: Culture, Western world, Western culture, Soul]
1605 words (4.6 pages)
- A History of the Dewey Decimal System The history of the Dewey Decimal Classification System (DDC) hearkens back to the very beginning of the modern library movement in the nineteenth century. The classification scheme’s progenitor was a man named Melvil Dewey who was born to a poor family in upstate New York in 1851. 1 His full name was Melville Louis Kossuth Dewey, but he was a man who supported language/spelling reform and had his named shortened to just Melvil Dewey. He even tried to have his family name further shortened to Dui.... [tags: Library Librarian DDC Organization]
1347 words (3.8 pages)
- Australasia, and is not restricted to the continent of Europe. Where Western Culture and Indian culture come at a cross roads is further explain by Naor, Linderman, Schroeder in their idea that “non-significant difference between Eastern and Western countries for the dimensions of institutional collectivism, in-group collectivism, assertiveness, uncertainty avoidance, and humane orientation can be attributed to their strong link to people’s behavior and work-related attitude” (Naor et al, 2010, p.... [tags: Culture, Western culture, Globalization]
1281 words (3.7 pages)
- Literature regarding eating disorders in non-Western cultures in general is scarce. Very few studies address disordered eating in cultures outside of the Western and Westernized world. This could be because of the perceived lack of eating disorders in non-industrialized countries or even because there is an overwhelming amount of concern over eating disorders in Western society. However, there have been several studies done on binge eating and dietary restraint in non-western citizens and in non-Caucasian women in the United States.... [tags: binge eating, eating disorders, non-western, cultu]
1032 words (2.9 pages)
- ... The second point deals with how music, culture, and tradition are essentially interconnected. Here, available literature shows that “people remember what is good or useful and share it with next generation and with their neighbors” (Garfias 2). As opposed to arguing that music is tied to Western culture, it is more prudent to contend that music has characterized all cultures since prehistoric times, only that the most important and useful elements of our music that we have learned are diffused and carried on to newer generations (Garfias 2; Frith 8-9).... [tags: Western culture, Culture, Globalization]
1500 words (4.3 pages)
- What is culture. Culture is the way of our life, more simply, it can be defined by our knowledge, languages, beliefs, religions, cuisines, histories, customs and traditions. “The term "culture" originally comes from social anthropology” (Kotter, 1992). There are many types of culture, such as the culture in different countries, families and organizations. First, the Asian culture and Western culture can be represented as the culture in different countries. Second, Canada has merged different background immigrates due to the Canadian multiculturalism policies.... [tags: Culture, Western culture, Canada, Globalization]
786 words (2.2 pages)
- Culture, a word almost everyone hears whenever there is sociological discussion that transcends various formats ranging from scholarly articles to local news station broadcasts. Culture contains a myriad of definitions depending on the perspective and lenses which are used to view it. Since it is a difficult concept to grasp at first, we do not realize the true scale of culture and its responsibility in dictating many actions within our daily lives. Different cultures are found all throughout the world, from the ever increasing western culture to smaller tribal cultures such as the wintu in California (“Vanishing Voices”).... [tags: Western culture, Culture, Western world, India]
1875 words (5.4 pages)
- A couple of years ago, I had invited my best friend Jenene, to attend an Indian wedding. I thought it might be fun for her to experience the different foods, clothing, personalities, and religious beliefs that were particular to my culture. Later on that evening she had pulled me to the side and told me that the culture that she was raised in was completely different from mine. She was raised in New York all of her life and she had never experienced such a distinct culture. At that time I told her that she did not know half the story.... [tags: World Culture]
1570 words (4.5 pages)