Developmental Psychology: Attachment Essay

Developmental Psychology: Attachment Essay

Length: 1476 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview



Attachment is the formation of a two-way emotional bond between a child and an adult caregiver. It is an important part of developmental psychology, which is concerned with reasons and causes for human behaviour, addressing both nurture and nature aspects of childrearing. John Bowlby (1907-1990) is a key psychologist involved in the studies and theories concerning attachment. He summarised his point and the reason for attachment as follows:

Based on the above, this essay intends to focus on Bowlby’s work which set out to discover links between early separation and later maladjustment through his ‘maternal deprivation hypothesis.’ This will include the reasons and importance of attachment, leading to correlations between a child’s attachment status and their behaviour in adulthood, in particular any delinquency or emotional maladjustment as a result of deprivation. It will take into consideration various studies which potentially weaken or strengthen his claims, whilst considering the ethical issues and ecological validity of the various studies.
Many of Bowlby’s studies were on children who had suffered deprivation and this research led him to various concerns regarding attachment deprivation. He suggested there is a link between prolonged separation and lack of social conscience, which he advised could take the form of aggression, depression, dependency anxiety and intellectual retardation amongst other ill-effects.
Bowlby states the main purpose of attachment is for survival, with security and comfort being a bonus. Through inspiration taken from Freud’s ‘innate’ concept, Bowlby developed explanations for attachment. In 1969, he revealed his monotropism theory, whereby children are born with an innate willing for...


... middle of paper ...


...l group. This group may also have been subject to a biased sample, as during the adoption selection process children with better temperaments would have a better chance of being chosen by a foster family.
In conclusion, there are many studies to which give balance to Bowlby’s theories, but they do not entirely take away from his results, as his findings have been a basis for attachment psychologists to build upon and adapt. More importantly, Bowlby’s findings lead to the World Health Organisation commissioning a report, by Bowlby in 1951. It was concerning the mental health issues of homeless children in post-war Europe, titled “Maternal Care and Mental Health,” which created:







Works Cited

Psychology, the science of mind and behaviour, Richard Gross.
Psychology AS, The complete companion, cardwell and flanagan.
Hilgard's introduction to psychology, atkinson

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Developmental Psychology: Attachment Essay

- Attachment is the formation of a two-way emotional bond between a child and an adult caregiver. It is an important part of developmental psychology, which is concerned with reasons and causes for human behaviour, addressing both nurture and nature aspects of childrearing. John Bowlby (1907-1990) is a key psychologist involved in the studies and theories concerning attachment. He summarised his point and the reason for attachment as follows: Based on the above, this essay intends to focus on Bowlby’s work which set out to discover links between early separation and later maladjustment through his ‘maternal deprivation hypothesis.’ This will include the reasons and importance of attachme...   [tags: emotional bond, caregiver, mind, behavior]

Powerful Essays
1476 words (4.2 pages)

Essay about Attachment Theory And The Developmental Stages Of A Child

- Attachment is an important aspect through the developmental stages of a child. It is the process through which an individual develops specific bonds with others (). John Bowlby theorized Attachment Theory, which focuses on a behavioral system that demonstrates the response of an adult when a child signals which can lead to a strong trusting relationship (). Through attachment infants develop strong emotional bonds with others, which can result in a more positive outcome later in life. Throughout the chapters of The Boy Who Was Raised as a Dog, Dr....   [tags: Developmental psychology, Attachment theory]

Powerful Essays
1137 words (3.2 pages)

Maternal Attachment, Maternal Sensitivity, And Infant Mother Attachment Relationship

- The article Maternal Attachment Representations, Maternal Sensitivity, and the Infant-Mother Attachment Relationship (1998) is based on the link between a parent’s portrayal of attachment and the relationship between the parent and child. One of the elements that is central to attachment theory is a parent’s cognitive representation of a relationship is representative of the pattern of interactions expected with developing a relationship with his/her own child. The assumption was justified van IJzendoorn reviewed six- hundred sixty-one dyads, and the results yielded positively to support that there are associations between security and autonomy....   [tags: Developmental psychology, Attachment theory]

Powerful Essays
1023 words (2.9 pages)

Criticisms Of Attachment Theory On A Child 's Development Essay

- Criticisms of attachment theory have come mainly from the feminist schools of thought since the theory has been used to argue that no woman with a young child should work outside the home or spend time away from her baby (Goodsell and Meldrum, 2010). Children’s experience and development also depend on what happens after early years, whether bad or good later in life may change a child’s emotional development, e.g. lack of basic needs, diet, education, stimulation such as play might affect a child’s development (Rutter, 1981) Difference in cultures have to be taken into consideration as well....   [tags: Developmental psychology, Attachment theory]

Powerful Essays
1185 words (3.4 pages)

The Child Father Attachment Relationship : Fathers ' Sensitive And Challenging Play

- Cassie Conley Child Development Psychology Dr. Martorell Journal Article Analysis November 23, 2014 Grossmann, K., Grossmann, K. E., Fremmer‐Bombik, E., Kindler, H., & Scheuerer‐Englisch, H., Zimmerman, H. (2002). The uniqueness of the child–father attachment relationship: Fathers’ sensitive and challenging play as a pivotal variable in a 16‐year longitudinal study. Social development, 11(3), 301-337. Grossman, et al.’s (2002) article covers the area of attachment in child development, specifically child-father attachment relationships....   [tags: Developmental psychology, Attachment theory]

Powerful Essays
1533 words (4.4 pages)

Attachment Reflection Paper

- Learning the details of attachment theory and how it greatly impacts our development was extremely enlightening. With a background in child development, I understood the importance of attachment. However, my undergrad courses merely grazed the surface of attachment theory. Before beginning the course, I understood the importance of parenting on child development. My understanding became clearer as the semester progressed, for what I thought I knew was only the beginning. I knew parenting consisted of helping your children in each domain of development, with each domain being equally important....   [tags: Developmental psychology, Attachment parenting]

Powerful Essays
1070 words (3.1 pages)

Attachment Theory And The Role That Attachment Essay

- Attachment theory and the role that attachment plays in healthy psychological development has long interested me. Research has shown that secure attachment produces positive long-term development (Bosmans & Kerns, 2015). Research is also showing that insecure attachment can produce various maladaptive behaviors, including anxiety disorders. Researchers Schimmenti, & Bifulco (2015) show compelling evidence linking anxiety disorders in young adults to insecure attachment styles. Schimmenti, & Bifulco’s (2015) hypothesis for their study was that parental emotional neglect during childhood increases the risk of anxiety disorders during late adolescence and young adulthood....   [tags: Attachment theory, Developmental psychology]

Powerful Essays
727 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on Different Styles And Theories On How Your Children

- There are so many different styles and theories on how to raise your child. Most parents are just looking for the best way to raise their child. With all the styles out there how do parents know which one is right and how is it better then the next. Over the research I have done I have found attachment parenting to be one of the best ways, but still there are critics of the attachment parenting. Now my question is why so much controversy to this theory and who is saying it is the wrong or right way and why....   [tags: Developmental psychology, Attachment theory]

Powerful Essays
792 words (2.3 pages)

Does Early Attachment Always Impact The Later Relationship? Essay examples

- Does early attachment always impact the later relationship. Harry F. Harlow revealed the importance of early secure attachment for healthy affectional development in the macaque monkey experiment. Likewise, Lucy Scott Brown and John Wright reported the significant relationship between early secure attachment experiences and sound adolescent development in their research (15). Yet, Jeong Shin An and Teresa M. Cooney found insecurity and mistrust from the early insecure attachment experiences can be reworked and resolved (411) through altruistic activities and social bonding (418)....   [tags: Attachment theory, Developmental psychology]

Powerful Essays
1157 words (3.3 pages)

The Concept Of Attachment As It Is Affected By Trauma Through The Course Of A Child 's Development

- Understanding the foundational concept of attachment as it is affected by trauma through the course of a child’s development This literature review investigated the complex interplay of several factors related to trauma-informed practices in education as they apply to child development and attachment. Research at the intersection of these complex realities relied on a range of sometimes innovative but always interdisciplinary methodologies that were worth reviewing upfront so that the reader could better evaluate individual papers in the field....   [tags: Attachment theory, Developmental psychology]

Powerful Essays
723 words (2.1 pages)