Developmental Effects Of Dementia And Dementia Essay

Developmental Effects Of Dementia And Dementia Essay

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Developmental Effects of Dementia
Dementia, is defined by the Alzheimer 's Association as “a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life.”(“What is Dementia?”,2014) Dementia could be used to describe a range of symptoms which are characteristic with a wide range of diseases, although it is not a disease itself. Contrary to popular belief, dementia is not apart of the normal aging process and many steps can be taken to prevent this mental decline.
Dementia is diagnosed by the DSM-5 by two symptoms. One, substantial decline in one or more of the following areas of cognitive function: memory and learning, attention, perceptual-motor, planning and decision making, language ability, and social cognition. Second, cognitive deficits interfere with independence. (Comer, 2014) Accounting for 60-80% of dementia cases is Alzheimer 's disease. (“What is Dementia?”, 2014) Followed by Vascular dementia which occurs after a stroke. Due to the wide range of symptoms associated with dementia there is no one test to diagnose it, and even after a diagnosis of dementia is reached it is not easy to categorize the type of dementia. Many dementia patients go undiagnosed with a specific form of dementia until after autopsy. These symptoms are so diverse that it may take a long time to diagnose dementia unless it becomes quickly progressive.
While many types of dementia, such as Alzheimer’s, have no known specific cause, it is known that dementia is caused by damage to brain cells. When brain cells are damaged and cannot communicate normally, this affects human behavior and cognitive processes. The Alzheimer’s association reports “Different types of dementia are associated with particular types of brain ce...

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...lth insurance. It was found that those patients who were placed in nursing homes had significantly more costs than those who were cared for at home. However, as dementia progressed most patients were eventually committed.
These costs on insurance companies are only becoming more strenuous due to the baby boomers reaching the age where dementia is most prevalent. This has a negative effect on society as a whole. Not only with costs but because of the psychological effects of family caretakers claiming responsibility for their parents decline. A cure for Alzheimer 's will become more than necessary in the near future, or at least methods to ease its progression. All of these studies show that dementia and Alzheimer 's are not normal stages of development but they are however becoming more prevalent with very little being known about treatment or prevention.

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