The Articles of Confederation were ratified in 1781, and the United States government operated under them for eight years. From 1776 through 1787, two political parties dominated in America – the Federalists and the Nationalists. Led by Alexander Hamilton, the moderate Nationalists believed in a substantial national government that held sovereignty over the states. The Federalists, led by Thomas Jefferson, believed in a feeble federal government and state sovereignty. Under the Articles, the Federalists held the majority view. The thirteen states assembled in an alliance they termed a “…firm league of friendship with each other, for their common defense, the security of their liberties, and their mutual and general welfare” (Articles of Confederation). The Articles, however, created ec...
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...ights, the Founding Fathers achieved their goals. They had fought a war to free the United States and created a system of government to rule that country, called the Articles of Confederation. The Articles, however, created an unstable government. The Nationalist party called a Constitutional Convention with the aim of creating a new government that would peacefully establish national sovereignty, ensure adequate representation, protect the country from tyranny, and allow freedom for those with minority viewpoints. They succeeded and created a government that still endures.
Schweikart, Larry, and Michael Allen. A Patriot's History of the United States: from Columbus's Great Discovery to the War on Terror. New York, NY: Sentinel, 2007. Print.
Tindall, George B., and David E. Shi. America. 2nd ed. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1989. Print.
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