The first space shuttle ever, called Enterprise, was built in 1976.1 It was originally developed as a test shuttle, without the ability for actual spaceflight, and was the only of the six shuttles that never made a trip out of the atmosphere. Enterprise is currently on display at the Intrepid Sea, Air and Space Museum in New York City and has been since July 2012.2 Even though Enterprise never made it to space, it is still helpful in further space shuttle research. For example, after the space shuttle Columbia disintegrated, Enterprise was studied and tested in order to discover what caused the accident.3
After Enterprise, a new kind of space vehicle began to be built. “The space shuttle's components include: the orbiter, three main engines, the external tank, and two solid rocket boosters. Altogether, the launch weight is about 4.5 million pounds.”4 The first ship to be built like this was Columbia. The difference between this and Enterprise was that Enterprise did not have engines or a heat shield. The orbiter is the aluminum part of the space shuttle, built to last over 100 flights, th...
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...Franklyn M. The Story of the Space Shuttle: Columbia and Beyond. New York: Philomel Books, 1979. Print.
Brown, Irene. “Bravo Galileo A Tribute to the Little Spacecraft that Could.” Popular Science 261.5 (2002): 1. eLibrary. Web. 13 Dec. 2013.
Collins, Mary. “Ready for It’s Close-Up.” Smithsonian 11 (2005): 1. eLibrary. Web. 11 Dec. 2013.
Petty, John Ira. “Space Shuttle Components.” Spacecraft: Space Shuttle Orbiter. NASA. Web. 12 Dec. 2013.
Smithsonian Institution. After Sputnik: 50 Years of the Space Age. New York: HarperCollins, 2007. Print.
“Space Shuttle Overview: Challenger (OV-099).” Kennedy Space Center. NASA, April 12, 2013. Web. 13 Dec. 2013.
Voice of America News/ FIND. “First Space Shuttle Goes on Public Display.” elibrary.bigchalk.com. VOA News, 19 July 2012. Web. 11 Dec. 2013.
Walter, William J. Space Age. New York: Random House, Inc, 1992. Print.
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