Essay on The Development of Early American Cities

Essay on The Development of Early American Cities

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Early cities, from late 1600 to mid 1800, in the United States were thought of in two different ways. First, they were though of as a promise land which held opportunity for all inhabitants. They could become a place where prosperity and new and exciting things could take place. Second, on the opposite spectrum, they were thought of as an immoral breading ground which could poison people and the entire United States. People like President Jefferson and Benjamin Rush were quick to state the problems in early cities. However, there were also people, like Henry Harkwell and Francis Makemie, who were ready to state these problems but also to add suggestions in order to fix them. Those opposing early cities and their growth would argue that there were no solutions to the variety of problems that condemned the inhabitants of cities. However, it can be seen that not only were the solutions plausible but that some aided in the fixing the problems of merchants, tradesmen, and even immorality.
In the late 1600’s, Henry Hartwell, James Blair, and Edward Chilton saw a problem with tradesman and merchants in Virginia. The problem was that both were subject to great inconveniences in regard to trade and opportunity. Tradesman had no opportunity without a market where they could buy needed items. Merchants had no opportunity in the way of their trade which could be avoided if they had towns with markets. Solutions to these problems were brought to attention in the mid 1700’s in the New York Gazette. The article stated that it would not be inconvenient for tradesman to settle in or around towns for exportation. Therefore people would be able to supply themselves with needed goods at these towns. Merchants too would be able to keep large assortm...


... middle of paper ...


...d even immorality.



Works Cited

"A New Jersyman's Argument in Support of Cities and Urban Growth," in the New York Gazette: or the Weekly Post-Boy." March 19, 1753.
Henry Hartwell, James Blair, Edward Chilton. ""Virginia Needs Towns - A Colonits' Plea," in Large and True Account of the Present State of Virginia." No Publisher, 1697.
—. "Virginia Needs Towns-A Colonists' Pleas,"." n.d.
Jefferson to Rush. August 22, 1800.
Makemie, Francis. "Arguments for Towns and 'Cohabitation' in Maryland and Virginia," in A plain & Friendly Persuasive to the Inhabitants of Virginia and Maryland For Promoting Towns and Cohabition." London: John Humfreys, 1705.
"Panopticon and the Scrutinized Self: Rules of Urban Society." HST 327. September 13, Fall 2011.
Rush to Jefferson. October 6, 1800.
Tocqueville, Alexis de. "On the American City," in Democracy in America. New York,

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