Development Of Deaf Education, Define Deafness And Hearing Loss Essay

Development Of Deaf Education, Define Deafness And Hearing Loss Essay

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Outline the development of the field of deaf education, define deafness and hearing loss, outline their prevalence, and explain their causes and types.
Education in relation to hearing disabilities has markedly about-faced since the inaugural of the American Asylum for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb founded on April 15,1817 by Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet (Friend 2014). It has transitioned against residential schools to provincial schools implementation of deaf education ensuing an alteration in the manner in which hearing disabilities were appraised due to an influx of deafness found in children subsequently generated by an epidemic of rubella (Friend 2014).
According to the federal government, deafness is defined as “a hearing impairment that is so serve the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing with or without amplification, [and] that adversely affects a child’s educational performance,” (Friend 2014). The federal government correspondingly delineates hearing impairment or loss as “an impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance but that is not included under the definition of deafness,” (Friend 2014).
The prevalence of hearing disabilities in children of educational ages cannot be communicated through a sole set of data (Friend 2014). “The National Association of State Directors of Special Education (2006) reports that approximately 1.5 out of every 1,000 school age children have an educationally significant hearing loss,” (Friend 2014). Studies also affirm that many students possessing a hearing disability have additional disabilities (Friend 2014).
Two subdivisions of hearing disability originators are pre lingual and...

... middle of paper ...

...pes and needs,” (Friend 2014).
Identify the trends influencing the field of deaf education.
Three circulating furors in the field of deaf education are universal newborn hearing screenings, cochlear implants, and bilingual-bicultural approaches. Universal newborn hearing screenings warrant anticipatory identification of hearing loss which actualizes the advantage of authoring a plan and early access to education that surpassingly suites the child. “ A cochlear implant is an electronic devise that directly stimulates the hearing nerve in the cochlear or inner ear, “ (Friend 2014). This devise allows for a student to develop spoken language and listening skills collectively (Friend 2014). Finally, the bilingual-bicultural approach teaches English as a second language and supports the idea that the student functions in two cultures: deaf culture and mainstream culture.

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