Development Of African History During The Twentieth Century Essay

Development Of African History During The Twentieth Century Essay

Length: 966 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Class played a major role in the development of African history in the twentieth century. Specifically, class differentiation contributed to the political movements and social disparities that characterized the continent during the time period.
An example of the importance of land in social class is the growth of Mau Mau. After Governor Eliot encouraged the settlement of whites in Kenya in 1902, many of these white settlers set up a system of agriculture through land grants given to them by Eliot. Unfortunately for the white settlers, their methods of producing goods were not as efficient as those of the Kikuyu. This eventually led to the establishment of native reserves in 1925 where Kikuyu with little money were moved off their lands and forced to produce agricultural goods for the whites via sharecropping. This system of sharecropping further divided society, making the rich richer and the poor poorer. Those who lost their land, lost their social standing because ownership of land is equivalent to wealth for most of African societies. These people, lacking in land and money, became the Mau Mau rebels. In this case, class directly influenced those who would rebel against the British settlers in the early 1950’s. As described by Frederick Cooper: “Class would replace race as the organizing principle of society. As late as 1959, officials could not predict when they could allow Kenya to become independent.” Prior to Mau Mau, colonial Europeans believed themselves to be superior to and more civilized than blacks and therefore they should determine what was best for the native Africans. This shows that those with respectable social standing – i.e. those with land and money – were in charge of how society would be run, regardless ...


... middle of paper ...


...ntury is very important and influential. Class stratification was a result of European education, via missionaries and formal European schooling, and led to political movements, such as playing a major role in Kenya’s independence movement and the formation of the African National Congress in South Africa. Class differentiation made it more difficult for political leaders to aid in advancing African society. This is due to the widening gap between the social elite and the common peasants which made effective policy making next to impossible to create and achieve. The difference in class structure also made smaller the group of educated individuals able to make a difference in the lives of Africans. The class of educated elite continues to shrink due to Africa’s rapidly growing population, which makes any effort to make progress in all aspects of life more difficult.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Dance In The Early Twentieth Century Essay

- The history of Jazz music is one that is tied to enslavement, and prejudices, and it is impossible to separate the development of Jazz music from the racial oppression that occurred in the United States as they are inextricably connected. Slavery was a part of our country’s development that is shameful and yet, lead to some of the greatest musical advances of the twentieth century. Slavery in the United States first began in 1619 when Dutch traders seized a Spanish slave ship and brought those aboard to the North American colony of Jamestown, Virginia....   [tags: history of jazz]

Better Essays
1481 words (4.2 pages)

Significance Of Minstrel Shows During The Nineteenth Century And Early Twentieth Century

- Significance of Minstrel Shows Minstrel shows were one of the most integral parts of entertainment in the United States during the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. Audiences at that time liked blackface comedy due to segregation, and racial discrimination in the society. Due to wide varieties of caricatures, dances, and songs, minstrel shows gained popularity within a short span of time. In minstrel shows, white people masked themselves as black people, and portrayed exaggerated black stereotypes, which dehumanized black population....   [tags: African American, Race, Racism, Blackface]

Better Essays
1057 words (3 pages)

The First Major Catastrophe Of The Twentieth Century Essay

- The United States affected the first major catastrophe of the twentieth century tremendously. The First World War, otherwise known as the “Great War,” was truly a world-wide event that was started in August of 1914 due to a single assassination of the heir to the Austria-Hungarian Empire. All but two of the world’s major powers at the time were in Europe, and all of those powers were in entangling alliances that propelled the continent into war. The United States joined the war as a latecomer in 1917 due mostly to a combination of unrestricted submarine warfare and antagonism from Germany over U.S....   [tags: World War I, World War II, League of Nations]

Better Essays
1030 words (2.9 pages)

The Negro Problem Of African Americans Essay

- The Negro problem The Negro problem, as it was called, was the issue of what the spot of African Americans in the public eye ought to be. They were no more slaves, however most by far of white individuals did not consider them to be equivalent. So what spot was there for them in the middle of slaves and equivalents. As James Baldwin once said: At the foundation of the American Negro problem is the need of the American white man to discover a method for living with the Negro... I 'm expecting that you 're discussing the absolute starting point of the book where he says "How can it feel to be a problem....   [tags: African American, White American, Negro]

Better Essays
1298 words (3.7 pages)

The, Blood And Culture : Negotiating Race During Twentieth Century Native New England

- Wednesday, March 2, Resurgence and Cultural Politics Ann McMullen, “Blood and Culture: Negotiating Race in Twentieth-Century Native New England” At an annual Powwow in August 1992 the Mohegan Chief limited attendance to only “card carrying” members. This segregated a population of Connecticut who claimed affiliation with the Mohegan Indians, but the chief did not recognize this affiliation. Other tribes members silently disagreed with this decision. Actions were at times seen as laughable by other tribes due to a misunderstanding of their practices....   [tags: Native Americans in the United States, Race]

Better Essays
1583 words (4.5 pages)

Anna Julia Cooper : An Advocate For The Empowerment And Education Of The African American Female

- “Throughout her professional life, [Anna Julia Cooper] advocated equal rights for women of color...and was particularly concerned with the civil, educational, and economic rights of Black women” (Thomas & Jackson, 2007, p. 363). Lucy Diggs Slowe (1883-1937) Instinctively a feminist, Lucy Diggs Slowe was an outspoken advocate for the empowerment and education of the African American female. A graduate of Howard University in 1908, Ms. Slowe cultivated her passion for gender equality with many leadership positions on the Howard campus....   [tags: African American, Black people, University, Race]

Better Essays
1044 words (3 pages)

The Bauhaus Of The 20th Century Essay

- The Bauhaus is perhaps Germany’s most important cultural contribution of the twentieth century. Nearly a hundred years after its foundation by Walter Gropius in 1919 as an art school in the town of Weimar, the Bauhaus 'has become a concept, indeed a catchphrase all over the world. ' Droste (2006) . Its manifesto states – 'The ultimate aim of all creative activity is building. ' Influenced by William Morris, Walter Gropius wanted to bring fine arts, which traditionally were perceived as more prestigious, and the industrial world together, which would change the focus of design theories from aesthetics to practicality....   [tags: Bauhaus, Walter Gropius, László Moholy-Nagy]

Better Essays
1043 words (3 pages)

The Spread Of Islam Throughout The African Continent Essay

- The spread of Islam throughout the African continent was predominantly influenced by the trading routes in North and East Africa. While Islam was very influential in the political and economic sphere of these areas, many of the original practices and traditions of Africa remained. The dominant people who facilitated the spread of Islam throughout the continent were the elite of Africa, such as the kings, and the traders themselves. While the spread of religion is typically looked at as a spreading of faith or a way to exclude yourself from warring nations, Africa’s conversion to Islam was incredibly economical and political....   [tags: Africa, Islam, Sub-Saharan Africa, Egypt]

Better Essays
1289 words (3.7 pages)

The Importance of African-American Studies Essay

- African-American Studies The aspect of African-American Studies is key to the lives of African-Americans and those involved with the welfare of the race. African-American Studies is the systematic and critical study of the multidimensional aspects of Black thought and practice in their current and historical unfolding (Karenga, 21). African-American Studies exposes students to the experiences of African-American people and others of African descent. It allows the promotion and sharing of the African-American culture....   [tags: Education, culture, race, black history]

Better Essays
1857 words (5.3 pages)

Black Leaders Of 20th Century Essay

- BLACK LEADERS OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY In the time after the fall of radical black reconstruction of the nineteenth century, African Americans were being oppressed by rural farming, civil rights, economical advancement and sharecropping. Booker T. Washington charged the fight for economical and political accommodation with his dream of equal civil rights. Timothy Thomas Fortune was an influential black journalist that fought for the rights of African Americans through literal resistance....   [tags: essays research papers]

Better Essays
1270 words (3.6 pages)