Dear Ms CCCCC, firstly we want to define what industrial relations is. An industrial relations is a policy that approaches the employees, and acts as a reference for the management, where the actions that underlies the industrial relations is set by a formal authority in the organisation (Brewster, Gill, Richbell, 1981). The legislation of industrial relations, Fair Work Act 2009 is important, as it has a goal to create fairness with obligations and rights between an employer and employee. Any changes or development in the legislation will have obvious impact on the industrial relations. The Fair Work Act 2009 will be discussed furthermore later.
Another name for industrial relations is employment relationship, and it can be divided into three steps, economic exchange, power relationship and continuous and open-ended contract. The first group, economic exchange under the name of industrial relations is the relationship between an employer and employee based on an agreement over the sale of the employee’s work. Generally the employer have more power on the employee when it comes to terms and conditions of the work (Blades, 1967). But there are also other parts of the contract the employer has less influences on, for example the wages and working hours, that is already determined by the legal laws, the Fair Work Act 2009. As highlighted before, the law will be furthermore discussed later.
The second element, power relationship is where the employee agrees to work for the authority, and accepts the directions of the employer. It demands a certain commitme...
... middle of paper ...
..., tasks that they can see themselves develop has to be done to the employee. This can increase the effort and performance in the work, and most important of all, strengthen the employment relationship.
Brewster, C. J., Gill C. G., Richbell, S., 1981, ”Developing an Analytical Approach to Industrial Relations Policy”:, Personnel Review, Vol 10, no. 2, pp. 3-10.
Blades, E. L., 1967, ”Employment at Will vs. Individual Freedom: On Limiting the Abusive Exercise of EmployerPower”, Columbia Law Review, Vol 67, no. 8, pp. 1404-1435.
Fox, A., 1966, “Managerial Ideology and Labour Relations”, British Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol 4, pp. 366-378.
Rousseau, D., M., 1990, ”New hire perceptions of their own and their employer’s obligations: A study of psychological contracts”, Journal of Organizational Behaviour, Vol 11m no. 5, pp. 389-400.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Best Theory of Industrial Relations There are many different approaches and theories regarding industrial relations nowadays. In order to mount an opinion on which is the ‘best’ or most appropriate theory of industrial relations, each theory will have to be analyzed. The three most prevalent theories of industrial relations which exist are The Unitarist theory, The Pluralist theory and The Marxist theory. Each offers a particular perception of workplace relations and will therefore interpret such events as workplace conflict, the role of trade unions and job regulation very differently.... [tags: Employee Relations Communication ]
1375 words (3.9 pages)
- 1. This Approach was developed by J. P. Dunlop of Harvard University in 1958. This approach, involves individuals who a part of a continuing independent social system. The behavior, actions, and roles of individuals are based on the culture within. There are three elements the systematic approach, they are; input, process and output. Society and institutions within this society creates the system which influences the process, which then determines the outcome or response of the individuals. This theory is based on the idea that individuals are shaped by society and societal factors (Humanresource.com).... [tags: industrial relations, behaviors, actions]
526 words (1.5 pages)
- SYSTEMS THEORY OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS Introduction Industrial Relations is a multidisciplinary field dealing with the study of employment relationship in union and non-union organizations. There have been various theories of industrial relations in place, but the first and most influential theory was put forward by John Thomas Dunlop. Dunlop, as a labor economist, remodelled the work of sociologists and developed a framework of industrial relations system. He developed the System’s Theory which stressed on the interrelationship of institutions and behaviors that enables one to understand and explain industrial relation rules.... [tags: economic system, union and non-union workers]
917 words (2.6 pages)
- I. INTRODUCTION Industrial peace is one of the core issues in the field of industrial relations. Moore (1951) suggested that industrial conflicts can be minimized or prevented by resort to two types of procedures: first, a procedure of regulating and limiting the power of the two interest groups, especially by restricting power that can be exercised; second, a procedure of providing positive interference in industrial disputes. Both procedures suggest that beyond workers and employers, a third important player may also directly interfere in industrial relations processes.... [tags: Politics, Bipartite Relationships]
2201 words (6.3 pages)
- Due to the industrial revolution in countries, there has arisen a need for industrial relations. There are regions that are viewed to posses the biggest economy globally. The largest economy globally being the European economy since they control a big percentage of the global market. Germany is believed to be the Europe’s largest economy. According to Euro found (2009), the largest sector in Germany is the service sector which comprises of about 68% of the labor market. The state has transformed into a service society and hence generates about 70% of Gross Domestic Product from this sector.... [tags: Economics ]
2103 words (6 pages)
- Industrial Relations Industrial relations is a term that inspects the relationship between the employer and employees in the workplace. It also looks at the direct and indirect industrial relations system for governments, institutions and organizations for example. Industrial relations pursue a system that proves to produce minimal workplace disagreements, increase in incomes, environments created from mutual cooperation and goodwill, and the promotion of democracy through all levels of an organization.... [tags: disagreements, mutual cooperation]
1989 words (5.7 pages)
- The Industrial relations framework emerged as a response to the Social Question or the ‘Labour Problem’ – which has been defined by some authors as the problem of improving the conditions of employment of the wage-earning classes . To mitigate the problems of the labour class, whose interests were seen as antithetical to the interests of the producers; a variety of flavours and philosophical leanings developed amongst academicians. Thus IR was conceived differently by different theorists, right from formalization of workplace norms (Dunlop) and job regulation (Flanders) to the social regulation of production (Hyman 1995).... [tags: Social, Workers]
1118 words (3.2 pages)
- Modern Industrial Relations in India A study of modern industrial relations in India can be made in three distinct phases. The first phase can be considered to have commenced from about the middle of the nineteenth century and ended by the end of the First World War. The second phase comprises the period thereafter till the attainment of the independence in 1947, and the third phase represents the post-independence era.... [tags: Papers]
506 words (1.4 pages)
- Industrial Relations Essay The role of the government on industrial relations is very important as it sets the legal framework that industrial relations operates in. Appropriate industrial relations legislation should recognize the requirements of both employers and employee’s. Both the employee and the employer want to profit from each other but are also reliant on each other. This means that the equal bargaining power of employers and workers must be recognized (Peetz, David. 2006). Appropriate industrial relations laws should address any imbalance of power and give both groups an equal degree of control.... [tags: Workforece Labor Government]
2388 words (6.8 pages)
- Sweden’s Industrial Relations Sweden, like the other Nordic countries (Finland, Norway and Denmark) has long been associated with the epitome of the welfare state. This region of the world and Sweden in particular, is well known for its strong labor unions and high union participation. According to the CIA, 91% of the Swedish labor force was unionized in 1998 (Virén 201). The strong unions in turn elect government officials who tend to be leftist and support unionization and union power, thus erecting the welfare state that is modern day Sweden.... [tags: Economy Economics Politics Goverment Essays]
1604 words (4.6 pages)