The Devastating Epidemic of the Bubonic Plague

The Devastating Epidemic of the Bubonic Plague

Length: 539 words (1.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Overview
The bubonic plague – also known as the Black Death – is one of the most devastating epidemics that mankind has ever faced. Sweeping through Asia and Europe during the middle part of the 1300’s, it was directly responsible for the deaths of an approximately one third of the population (75 to 200 million people). Although there has never been an outbreak on the same scale as the one that gripped the world during the 1300’s, the bubonic plague is still around today, with an outbreak occurring in late 2013 in a remote village in Madagascar that resulted in the death of 100 people.
The bubonic plague falls under the classification of being a zoontic disease. This means that it is transmitted from animals other than humans to human. Usually found on fleas that tend to infect small rodents, the disease is transmitted normally through direct animal bite, contaminated water supplies, or other unhygienic means. If no treatment is sought during the initial stages of the disease, there is a mortality rate of greater than 66%.



First Recorded Outbreaks
The first recorded outbreak of the bubonic plague that was in 541 AD, affecting the Byzantine Empire specifically. The first recorded case was in the port capitol of Constantinople; it didn’t take long before 5,000 people a day were succumbing to the disease. From there, it quickly spread to other parts of the region through trade routes. Modern researchers have placed the number of deaths at close to a quarter of the population in the Eastern Mediterranean. Spreading outward via trade ships ad caravans; this specific strain of the plague would eventually result in the deaths of between 25 million and 100 million people.
Although the eventual downfall of the Empire would not be for many generations later, historians have pointed at the later named “Plaque of Justinian” as the eventual beginning of the end. It tapped the empire in two important ways. First, the disease had a devastating effect on the military might of the Byzantium Empire. Prior to the outbreak of the plague, Emperor Justinian had increased his empires land holdings to include most of the former Roman Empire. However, the spread of the plague laid waste to the ranks of the Byzantine Empires military might, and they soon found themselves having to retreat from territory that they had only recently conquered.

The Black Death
The plague slowly dissipated as it made its way through the population, with the last recorded case happening during the 700s.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"The Devastating Epidemic of the Bubonic Plague." 123HelpMe.com. 17 Nov 2019
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=364890>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Black Death: Bubonic Plague’s Worst Disaster Essay

- The Black Death: Bubonic Plague’s Worst Disaster It has been called “the greatest catastrophe ever.” That statement was made in reference to the Black Death which was one of many bubonic plague epidemics. Throughout history, the bubonic plague proved itself to be an extremely lethal disease. Outbreaks of the bubonic plague were devastating because of the stunning number of deaths in each of the populations it reached. The Black Death was the worst epidemic and disaster of the bubonic plague in all of history....   [tags: plague, bacteria, victims]

Research Papers
1759 words (5 pages)

The Bubonic Plague: The Black Death Essay

- The Black Plague "No pestilence had ever been so fatal, or so hideous. Blood was its Avatar and its seal-the redness and horror of blood." (Edgar Allen Poe The Masque of the Red Death.) Many thought the Black Plague was a curse from God; punishment for the sins the infected had committed. Those that survived were the chosen people, the ones who abided by the laws of the Church. Scientists know now that the devastating disease was not a result of sins or spiritual inadequacy, but the terrible illness was caused by a strain of bacteria called Yersinia pestis....   [tags: The Bubonic Plague]

Free Essays
688 words (2 pages)

The Bubonic Plague Essay

- The Bubonic Plague Introduction Plague, was a term that was applied in the Middle Ages to all fatal epidemic diseases, but now it is only applied to an acute, infectious, contagious disease of rodents and humans, caused by a short, thin, gram-negative bacillus. In humans, plague occurs in three forms: bubonic plague, pneumonic plague, and septicemic plague. The best known form is the bubonic plague and it is named after buboes, or enlarged, inflamed lymph nodes, which are characteristics of the plague in the groin or neck or armpit....   [tags: Disease, Epidemic]

Research Papers
1450 words (4.1 pages)

The Plague Of The Black Plague Essay

- The Bubonic Plague, or more commonly known as ‘The Black Death’ or ‘The Black Plague,’ was one of the most devastating and deadliest pandemics that humans have ever witnessed in the history of mankind. The disease spanned two continents in just a few years, marking every country between Western Europe all the way to China. During the reign of the plague, which is estimated to be the years between 1347-1352, it is estimated that “20 million people in Europe–almost one-third of the continent’s population” was killed off due to the plague....   [tags: Black Death, Bubonic plague, Plague]

Research Papers
943 words (2.7 pages)

The Black Plague Of Europe Essay

- The Black Plague in Europe Was the Bubonic Plague really as bad of an event as it is made out to be. It could just be considered the “greatest catastrophe” of all time (Benedictow). The Bubonic Plague, which is also referred as the “Black Death” is often considered one of the most devastating epidemics in all of human history. It is estimated that anywhere from 30-60 percent of Europe 's population was wiped out from the wide spread of the disease. Clearly the amount of people killed during this time period is outrageous and should be remembered as an awful time, but the amount of positives that came from this time period looms quite large....   [tags: Black Death, Bubonic plague, Plague]

Research Papers
1810 words (5.2 pages)

The Black Death : A Devastating Disease Essay

- The Black Death was a devastating disease that wiped out almost half the population across Eurasia during the 14th century. Some people began to write about their experiences during the Black Death including Ibn al-Wardi, Boccaccio, and Jean de Venette. Ibn al-Wardi’s account is the only comprehensive account of the Black Death in the Middle East that has survived, he lived in Aleppo, Syria and he would actually die from the plague in 1349 (Ibn al-Wardi, p. 445). Boccaccio lived in Florence, Italy where the Black Death arrived during the spring of 1348 (Boccaccio, para....   [tags: Black Death, Bubonic plague, Plague]

Research Papers
1645 words (4.7 pages)

The Bubonic Plague: Crisis in Europe and Asia Essay

- The Bubonic Plague: Crisis in Europe and Asia There have been many natural disasters throughout history that have caused great damage physically, emotionally and mentally. The Bubonic Plague is considered by most to be the second worst disaster to have occurred throughout history. It all began in October 1348, when Genoese trading ships dropped anchor at the port of Messina, Sicily. The Ships had come from the Black Sea port of Kaffa (Truitt, 2001). The few of the crew members that were left alive carried with them a deadly disease so perilous that it would ultimately lead to death (Douglass, 1996)....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
1385 words (4 pages)

The Death Of The Black Death Essay

- Primary Source Essay 3 In 1348, people from all around the world suffered from one of the most deadliest and cruel diseases known as the Black Death. The plague killed so many people in Europe that some of the villages were abandoned and the population of some cities was decreased by half. Giovanni Boccaccio was an Italian writer and poet who eye-witnessed and described the horrors caused by the Black Death in his novels Decameron. In Boccaccio’s work, the sick people were left behind to survive on their own and even children were left behind by their parents because they were sick....   [tags: Black Death, Bubonic plague, Plague]

Research Papers
1003 words (2.9 pages)

The Plague Essay

- The Black Death caused a widespread death rate over the eastern and western parts of Europe during the fourteenth century. Not only did the Black Death take a devastating toll on human life, it also played an important role in shaping European life in years to come.      The Black Death came in three forms, the bubonic, pneumonic, and septicemic. Each form killed people in it’s own vicious way. All forms were caused by a bacterium called Yersinia pestis. The most commonly seen form was the bubonic plague....   [tags: The Black Death]

Free Essays
921 words (2.6 pages)

Black Plague Essay example

- In the thirteen hundreds Europe was hit with the worst epidemic the world has ever seen. It was called the black plague. This disease was spread throughout the continent in less then 4 years. The amount of death this disease caused formed severe mental damage on the people who lived around it at that time. Some historians believe that the plague was so bad that Europe is still recovering from it today. Due to the lack of technology at that time to battle the disease the black plague spread without and signs of slowing....   [tags: European History]

Free Essays
1651 words (4.7 pages)

It lay dormant for the next few centuries until the 1300s. This outbreak would be one of the worst pandemics in human history, which resulted in the deaths of millions.
Bought over from merchant ships bringing goods for Asia, the plague was carried by oriental rat fleas, which lived on the backs of black rats.
First arriving in Italy, it began to spread quickly throughout the rest of mainland Europe. By 1350 most European countries were reporting cases. By the time the plague died out, it is estimated that between 40-60% of all of Europe’s population had been infected and had died.

Present Day
Although not nearly severe as the outbreak that struck during the 1300s, the plague is still active today and the occasional outbreak can still occur. The most serve recent outbreak is still ongoing and located on the island nation of Madagascar. First reported in 2013, the majority of the cases have been centralized in the nations prisons, the initial count showed over 250 being infected in a short amount of time, with close to 100 people later succumbing to the disease. With Madagascar’s already poor infrastructure and health care system, world leaders are rushing to contain what could potentially lead to another large-scale epidemic.

Return to 123HelpMe.com