“Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (WHO, 1946). Health can be defined from a variety of perspectives and dimensions, for example, physical, mental, social and spiritual dimensions of health all contribute towards defining the term. An individual’s wellbeing is defined as the condition of how the individual is feeling on a holistic level, looking at the individual’s welfare on a whole. Wellbeing is often defined simply as the state of feeling content, healthy or happy. Quality of life defines as “An individual’s perception of their position in life in the context of the culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards and concerns” (WHO, 1995).
The Health Field Concept (Lalonde, 1974) states that the environment, access to health care services, human biology and an individual’s lifestyle can influence either positively or negatively the overall health, wellbeing and quality of life of an individual. An extensive list of influencing factors on health range from personal choices, housing, the community, social status and family life to more complex influences including social determinants of health.
Environmental factors influencing health also include matters external to the human body. Although the link between health and the environment in relation to its influence on health is hard to pr...
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...ption. These policies are in place to try reduce the alcohol related illnesses and improve the health of the community.
Health, wellbeing and quality of life can be influenced negatively and positively, by factors of which we both can and cannot easily control. Further research in the future may strengthen the link shown between external factors and its impact on health. Lalonde (1974) provides a simple yet effective way to determine what four aspects can determine whether an individual is content, happy and healthy. Trends set by statistical data and studies determined that our health is influenced by a wide range of complex aspects, the health, wellbeing and quality of life of both individuals and the community on a whole continue to be influenced by external environments, life style choices, and the access to health care and biological factors (Lalonde 1974).
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