Since the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century, Unions acted as advocates for overexploited employees whose employment conditions were severely inadequate. Working hours were long, pay was low and work safety was unheard of (Carrell & Heavrin 2010). Although, the role of unions have served employees well by contributing to the evolutionary changes in the working conditions; today their presence has not only declined but severely weakened.
Reder M. (1988) reasons that there is a perception of unionism fluctuations attributed to either high or low levels of unemployment. He brings an example of the US labor market from 1917 to 1950’s time period. From the research it becomes obvious that there is high correspondence of low unemployment and high labor demand that makes employers more accommodating in terms of employment conditions. This observation may be a better explanation for the decrease in unions across the globe besides the notion of events of 1980’s that might have helped to further away the need of union...
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...elations Industrielle, 57 (2 ), 252-81.
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Reder M.1988. “The Rise and Fall of Unions: The Public Sector and the Private.” Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2(2): 89-110
Rönnmar M. 2004. “The managerial prerogative and the employee's duty to work: a comparative study of functional flexibility in working life.” The International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol.15(3), p.451-458
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