Detection Dogs' Training Essay

Detection Dogs' Training Essay

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Detection dogs have become an integral part of the criminal justice system over the past centuries. Military personnel and law enforcement officers alike utilize canines as companions and partners in the field due to their strength and attributes of loyalty and courage, which complement that of his handler. It was not until the late 1800s that canines would be utilized to their full potential as detection dogs by using their heightened sense of smell to further their contribution to civil services. Thus, before entering the work force, detection dogs and their handlers must undergo extensive training to ensure “familiarization” between man and dog and dog and his purpose.
Canines, as a whole, have a long and detailed history of partnership with human beings dating back to centuries Before the Common Era (B.C.E.). During that time, dogs were primarily used as warriors and guards in service to Egyptians, Greeks, and Persians (Chapman, 1960, p.8). It eventually globalized to the west coast of Europe in the early 1300s where dogs patrolled the perimeter of Saint Males in France. However, it was not until the late 1800s that canines would be utilized primarily for their heightened sense of smell. As early as 1888, blood hounds were employed by Scotland Yard for scent detection in the “Jack the Ripper” case (United States Department of Agriculture, 2013, p.178). Although the dogs did not pose sufficient assistance, the British Police and Military continued to explore the use of dogs in olfactory work. Hence, during World War I, dogs were trained to detect land minds and trained to detect munitions caches in World War II. The Nazi Army was the first to use scent detector dog units. As a group, the dogs were trained to follow the tracks ...


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duration of training sessions on acquisition and long-term memory in dogs. Applied
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Brown, B. (1970). Dogs that work for a living. New York, NY: Funk & Wagnalls.
Chapman, S. (1960). Dogs in police work: A summary of experience in Great Britain and the
United States. Brattleboro, VT: The Vermont Publishing Company.
Fazekas, (2012). Pawing Their Way to the Supreme Court: The Evidence Required to Prove a
Narcotic Detection Dog's Reliability. Northern Illinois University Law Review, 473
(N/A), 1-2. Retrieved from www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic
United States Department of Agriculture. (2012, April 5). National Detector Dog Manual [.pdf].
Retrieved from http://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/manuals/ports/-downloads/ detector_dog.pdf

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