Designing an ESP Course for Metallurgists Essay

Designing an ESP Course for Metallurgists Essay

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2.4.1 Types of syllabus
A syllabus is an expression of opinion on the nature of language and leaning; it is considered as a guide for teacher as well as for learner to provide them with the goals to be achieved. Hutchinson and Waters define syllabus in the following way: at its simplest level a syllabus can be described as a statement of what is to be learnt. It reflects language and linguistic performance. [1; p.80] This interpretation is based on results and consequences rather than on process and it is viewed as a traditional explanation. However, a syllabus can also be seen as a “summary of the content to which learners will be exposed” [25; p. 66] A language teaching syllabus involves the integration of subject matter and linguistic matter.
We need to differentiate the notion of syllabus and curriculum. If we compare these two notions, curriculum is wider term than syllabus. Curriculum includes all the activities and arrangements made by the institution through out the academic year to help the learners and the instructors. Syllabus is limited to a particular subject of a particular class. While designing a syllabus it is necessary to take into account what to teach and in what order. For this reason, the theory of language underlying the language teaching method will play a major role in deciding what syllabus should be chosen. For example, a syllabus which is based on the theory of leaning developed by cognitive code teaching would give prominence to language forms and whatever definite descriptive knowledge about those forms. A syllabus based on an acquisition theory of learning, however, would stress unanalyzed and carefully selected experiences of the new language. [19; p. 40]
The choice of a syllabus is a rather se...


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...ss, 1976
21. Brumfit, C. J. and Johnsor, K. The communicative approach to language teaching. Oxford university Press, 1979
22. White, R. V. The ELT Curriculum: Design, Innovation and management. Blackwell Publishers Ltd, 1988
23. Prabhu, N.S. Second language pedagogy. Oxford university Press, 1987
24. Art Corvelay. How to design a course syllabus. www.ehow.com
25. Alasuugari, P. An invitation to social research. Sage: London, 1998
26. Lynda Edwards. Placement test. Oxford University Press, 2007
27. .www.native-english.ru. Methods of teaching English language. Журнал иностранец, 2003
28. Tim Boven. Teaching approaches: the grammar-translation method. Macmillan, 2000-2001
29. Gray A. Constructivist Teaching and Learning. SSTA Research Centre Report #97, 2007
30. Colin Campbell and Hanna Kryszewska. Lerner-based teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992

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